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College spire (4') Crowd (8') Johnson in academic dress (22')
JOHNSON: Last night I spoke to the nation, this morning I speak to the people of all nations, so that they may understand our purposes in the actions that we have been required to take. On August 2nd the U.S. destroyer Maddox was attacked on high seas in the Gulf of Tonkin by hostile vessels of the Government of North Vietnam. On August 4th that attack was repeated in these same waters against two U.S. destroyers. The attacks were deliberate, the attacks were unprovoked and the attacks had an answer. Throughout last night and in the last 12 hours air units of the US 7th fleet have sought out the hostile vessels and certain of their supporting facilities. Appropriate armed action has been taken against them. The U.S. is now asking that this will be brought immediately and urgently before the Security Council of the United Nations. We welcome and we invite the scrutiny of all men who seek peace, for peace is the only purpose of the course America pursues. The Gulf of Tonkin may be distant, but none can be detached about what has happened there. Aggression, deliberate and wilful and systematic has unmasked its face to the entire world. The world remembers, the world must never forget ...that aggression unchallenged so aggression unleashed. But there can be no peace by aggression and no immunity from reply. And that is what is meant by the actions we took yesterday.
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