Fifty years of international justice were celebrated yesterday (Thursday) in The Hague. The International Court?
GV EXT. Peace Palace
SV PAN guests arriving
SV INT. Foreign Minister Schmelzer greeting guests
GV Judges enter Court
SV Guests taking seats
MV & LV Court President addresses session
MV Foreign Minister Schmelzer talking to German Ambassador
MV African guests
MV Foreign Minister talking to Court President
MV Guests at reception
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Background: Fifty years of international justice were celebrated yesterday (Thursday) in The Hague. The International Court of Justice held a Special Sitting at the Peace Palace to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the institution of the international judicial system.
The President of the Court, Sir Muhammed Zafrulla Khan of Pakistan, recalled that it was in the same Hall that on that on February 15th 1922 the Permanent Court of International Justice held its inaugural sitting. He went to trace the evolution and the future prospects of international judicial settlement.
The Permanent Court of International Justice was established under the League of Nations. With the dissolution of the League, the Court ceased to exist and was replaced by the International Court of Justice, crated in 1945 under the United Nations Charter.
The Court was created under the Charter in order to fulfil one of the main purposes of the United Nations: "to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace."
In his speech, Sir Zafrulla noted that many new states did not want to submit to the jurisdiction of the Court because they argued that its decisions were based on a body of law in which they had no share.
But, said Sir Zafrulla, the Court was universal and not dominated by any legal philosophy or bound by historical, geographical or ideological limitations.
The sitting yesterday was attended by members of the Hague diplomatic corps, representatives of the Dutch Royal Court, Dutch Cabinet Ministers and leading Dutch and International Jurists.