A massive sterilisation campaign aimed at keeping down the rate of population growth in Bangladesh started on Thursday (17 February).
SGV Family planning centre PAN DOWN TO makeshift operating theatre (4 shots)
CU Woman patient being given anaesthetic injection (2 shots)
GV Pouring antiseptic on woman's stomach (2 shots)
CU Woman's face with her eyes open
CU Surgeon injecting local anaesthetic into woman's stomach (2 shots)
GV Face of surgeon
CU Surgeons making incision in woman stomach
CU Instruments cutting through flesh
GV Surgeon holding torch in poorly lit makeshift theatre PAN DOWN TO operation
GV EXTERIOR Sign of clinic and clinic with good facilities
GV Surgeons start similar operation
CU Surgeons marking on stomach patient (2 shots)
CU Woman surgeon
MV Patient waiting to be operated on
GVs Instrument sterilisation basins
GV Woman being prepared for operation, PAN AROUND theatre TO two other operations being carried out at same time, finishing with CU sewing up wound (4 shots)
CU Patient having tape put on would
MV Woman being helped away by nurse
GV Ward with patients lying in bed with CU of woman in bed
MV & CU Patient being given post-operative instructive instructions (3 shots)
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Background: A massive sterilisation campaign aimed at keeping down the rate of population growth in Bangladesh started on Thursday (17 February).
SYNOPSIS: Dr. Mohammad Ibrahi, who is in charge of the Government's Family Planning and Population Control Department, said 60,000 people would be sterilised in the first two months of the campaign. Dr Ibrahi called the family planning programme a movement for survival in Bangladesh. The Government hopes to achieve a zero population growth rate by the middle of next century.
The country's population is currently about 80 million, and at its present rate of increase, it would 30 years. The United States has donated 5.1 million dollars (3 million sterling) towards the family planning programme. The grant is part of a proposed United States contribution of 15.1 million dollars (8.9 million sterling) over the next three years to help bring zero population growth.
The Bangladesh Government has declared population control as the number one national problem and thousands of field workers have been sent to the villages to drive home its message. The sterilisation programme is part of a huge campaign aimed at encouraging the population to practise birth control. At present less than 10 per cent of couples use any form of birth control.
The country is amongst the most fertile in Asia, but the pressures of population and the low rice production are causing great problems. Rice production is only about a third of the world average in yield per acre.
The Government is trying to encourage the use of higher yielding strains of rice, but many farmers are reluctant to gamble on these new types which require capital outlays on fertilisers. Until this changes and the rate of population growth decreases, millions will remain dependant on grain donated by foreign countries.