President Park Chung-Hee has obtained full support from his military commanders for his action on Tuesday (17 October) of declaring martial law, dissolving the National Assembly, and partially suspending the constitution.
Travelling shot Road leading into Seoul.
Travel shot Passing tanks at roadside (2 shots)
SCUs People reading newspapers (2 shots)
LV PAN Soldiers and tanks outside the central govt buildings (4 shots)
GV Scene outside shut-down university (4 shots)
Initials ESP/2147 ESP/2157
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Background: President Park Chung-Hee has obtained full support from his military commanders for his action on Tuesday (17 October) of declaring martial law, dissolving the National Assembly, and partially suspending the constitution.
He told the country that the measures were necessary to prevent trouble during forthcoming negotiations for reuniting North and South Korea. On Monday (23 October), Red Cross officials will start discussions on how to reunite families split for two decades by war and ideology. These negotiations are intended to be the forerunners for diplomatic talks aimed at eventual unity for Korea.
As the emergency measures were announced, tanks rolled into the capital of Seoul, where they guarded the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly and important government buildings. Public meetings were banned without special permission; universities were closed; and sabotage laws were extended to include such acts as leaving a job without special reason.
The President said he would announce reforms and a new constitution on 27 October. He promised to restore constitutional order by the end of the year, when elections will be held. President Park first rose to power in a coup in 1961.
SYNOPSIS: South Korean people are adjusting to the martial law imposed by President Park Chung-Hee on Tuesday. Tanks in the streets of Seoul are a visible sign of the change.
The people of South Korea have been told that public meetings are now illegal without special permission, that leaving their job could be construed as sabotage.
Tanks guard public buildings, and the five hundred members of the National Assembly have been dismissed. President Park said the strict measures were necessary to forestall trouble during the forthcoming negotiations with North Korea, which are aimed at reuniting the North and South regimes.
All colleges and universities have been closed. This is to avoid anyone taking advantage of the students and leading them into trouble, President Park explained.