• Short Summary

    BAGHDAD, CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF IRAQ, IS A CITY OF 1 1/4 MILLION PEOPLE, LYING ON THE BANKS OF THE RIVER TIGRIS.

  • Description

    1.
    GV PAN RIVER TIGRIS PAN OVER BAGHDAD.
    0.18

    2.
    GV & LV MODERN BUILDINGS - LV PAN.. BUILDING WORKERS, PAN...UP MODERN BANK BUILDING.
    0.29

    3.
    SV TO LV PAN...BUS ALONG STREET - SV PEOPLE WALKING IN STREET.
    0.44

    4.
    LV ARCH OF UNKNOWN SOLDIER - SV GUARD ON DUTY.
    0.50

    5.
    LV GOVERNMENT BUILDING - CU GUARD OUTSIDE.
    0.54

    6.
    GV PAN...EASTERN GATE SQUARE, PAN TO STATUES - LV STATUES.
    1.14

    7.
    LV AIRCRAFT ON RUNWAY - CU IRAQI FLAG.
    1.19

    8.
    SV & SCU AREF SHAKES HANDS WITH MINISTERS AND DIPLOMATS.
    1.27

    9.
    SCU TO LV PAN FLAG, PAN TO GUARD OF
    1.33

    10.
    CU PAN...GEN. AREF PAN TO PRESIDENT STV ZOOM IN PRESIDENT GIVEN BOUQUETS
    1.50

    11.
    LV GERMAN EMBASSY - SV FRENCH FLAG - CU NOTICE AT EMBASSY.
    2.00

    12.
    LV TO SV BUILDINGS OF TECHNICAL INSTITUTE - SV & SCU BRITISH ENGINEERING EXPERT TALKS TO DEAN
    2.12

    13.
    SVs & SCUs (6 SHOTS) STUDENTS AT WORK IN INSTITUTE
    2.27

    14.
    ZOOM IN INSTRUCTOR WITH STUDENTS - CU INSTRUCTOR.
    2.36

    15.
    ZOOM OUT FROM MAP TO UNESCO EXPERTS - SV INFORMATION DIRECTOR (NORWEGIAN) TALKS TO EXPERTS.
    2.51

    16.
    GV & SV MOSQUE - SV & SCUs PEOPLE WALKING TOWARDS MOSQUE.
    3.10

    17.
    LV MOSQUE - SV & CUs (3 SHOTS) PEOPLE IN STREET, MOSQUE IN BACKGROUND.
    3.22

    18.
    LV MODERN GATEWAY, ENTRANCE TO BABYLON - CU PAN ANIMAL RELIEFS.
    3.45

    19.
    CU SIGN "WELCOME TO BABYLON" - SV PAN WOMAN WALKING WITH BASKET.
    3.51

    20.
    SCU TO TGV PAN SIGN "HANGING GARDENS" PAN OVER RUINS - SV RUINED BUILDINGS.
    4.07

    21.
    TV PAN... MAN DOWN STEPS TO PROCESSIONAL STREET.
    4.22

    22.
    CU SIGN "ISHTAR GATE" - LV TO SV PAN...& SCU ORIGINAL WALLS WITH ANIMALS IN STONEWORK.
    4.40

    23.
    ZOOM IN REFRESHMENT BARROW
    4.50

    24.
    CU SIGN "SOUTHERN PALACE" - TGV PAN RUINS OF PALACE.
    5.10



    Initials JH/V/MR/JM



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: BAGHDAD, CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF IRAQ, IS A CITY OF 1 1/4 MILLION PEOPLE, LYING ON THE BANKS OF THE RIVER TIGRIS. CONTEMPORARY IN APPEARANCE, WITH ITS WIDE STREETS AND SQUARES, AND STREETS AND SQUARES, AND STEEL AND CONCRETE BUILDINGS, IT HAS A LONG HISTORY: FOR IT WAS THE CAPITAL OF THE CALIPH HARUN AL-RASHID WHO LIVED ABOUT TWELVE HUNDRED YEARS AGO.

    SOME SIXTY MILES (100 KMS) AWAY, AT BABYLON, IS THE HEART OF A MUCH OLDER CIVILIZATION. THE RUINS THAT CAN BE SEEN THERE TODAY DATE FROM THE TIME OF THE BIBLICAL BABYLONIAN KING NEBUCHADNEZZAR IN THE 6TH CENTURY B.C. BUT BABYLON HAD A PREVIOUS PERIOD OF GREATNESS OVER A THOUSAND YEARS BEFORE THAT.

    SYNOPSIS: ON THE EASTERN BANK OF THE GREAT RIVER TIGRIS LIES THE CITY OF BAGHDAD, CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF IRAQ. IT HAS A LONG HISTORY - IT WAS HARUN AL RASHID'S CAPITAL NEARLY TWELVE HUNDRED YEARS AGO. BUT LITTLE REMAINS TODAY OF THE ANCIENT CITY OF THE ARABIAN NIGHTS. WAR AND FLOODS HAVE SWEPT THE PAST AWAY: NOW THE STEEL AND CONCRETE BLOCKS OF THE MODERN COMMERCIAL CENTRE ARE TYPICAL OF ANY FLOURISHING CONTEMPORARY CITY.

    THE RED DOUBLE-DECKER BUSES IN THE STREETS ARE BRITISH - THE SAME TYPE AS LONDON USES. THEY DO PLENTY OF BUSINESS, FOR BAGHDAD IS A CROWDED CITY, WITH A POPULATION OF ONE AND A QUARTER MILLION.

    THE ARCH OF THE UNKNOWN SOLDIER IS A STRIKING NEW MONUMENT ERECTED AFTER THE 1958 REVOLUTION. THE FORMER PARLIAMENT BUILDING NOW HOUSES GOVERNMENT OFFICES - FOR NO PARLIAMENT HAS SAT SINCE THE REVOLUTION, THOUGH IT IS TO BE RE-ESTABLISHED. IN 1958, KING FEISAL WAS KILLED, THE MONARCHY OVERTHROWN AND A REPUBLIC FIRST SET UP UNDER GENERAL KASSEM. THE REVOLUTION IS COMMEMORATED IN THIS GROUP OF STATUES IN BAGHDAD'S EASTERN GATE SQUARE. KASSEM HIMSELF WAS OVERTHROWN FIVE YEARS LATER.

    IRAQ HAS CLOSE RELATIONS WITH THE UNITED ARAB REPUBLIC UNDER THE PRESENT REGIME, WHICH IS HEADED BY PRESIDENT AREF. HERE HE IS TALKING FORMAL FAREWELLS FROM THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS BEFORE LEAVING BAGHDAD FOR CAIRO FOR TALKS WITH PRESIDENT NASSER. THE TWO COUNTRIES PLAN A COMPLETE POLITICAL UNION BY OCTOBER 1966.

    GENERAL AREF, THE PRESIDENT'S BROTHER, IS ARMY CHIEF OF STAFF, AND PLAYED A KEY PART IN BRINGING PRESIDENT AREF TO POWER IN 1963.

    IRAQ WAS THE FIRST OF TEN ARAB STATES TO BREAK OFF DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH WEST GERMANY WHEN THE GERMANS RECOGNISED ISRAEL. FRANCE IS NOW LOOKING AFTER GERMAN INTERESTS IN BAGHDAD.

    IRAQ IS STILL SHORT OF SKILLED ENGINEERS AND TECHNICIANS, BUT THE HIGH TECHNICAL INSTITUTE IN BAGHDAD IS STRIVING TO MAKE UP THE SHORTAGE. THE DEAN, MR. AL-HAYANI SAYS THE STUDENTS MUST BE VERSATILE; SO FOR THEIR FIRST YEAR OR SO, THEY ARE MOVED AROUND THE WORKSHOPS, ELECTRICAL LABORATORIES AND FOUNDRIES. THEY WILL HAVE TO SUPERVISE BUILDING AND ROADMAKING AS WELL AS RUN THE MACHINERY IN NEW FACTORIES.

    THIS IRAQI INSTRUCTOR HAS GAINED EXTREMELY HIGH QUALIFICATIONS IN BRITAIN. HE'S A MASTER OF SCIENCE AND DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY. THE UNITED NATIONS IS GIVING THE INSTITUTE FINANCIAL HELP AT PRESENT, AND SPECIALISTS FROM BRITAIN, NEW ZEALAND, GERMANY, THE UNITED STATES AND THE SOVIET UNION ARE IN CHARGE OF THE DEPARTMENTS. BUT IN FIVE YEARS THEY WILL HAND OVER COMPLETELY TO THE IRAQI GOVERNMENT.

    IN CONTRAST, TRADITIONAL BAGHDAD IS MOST EVIDENT IN THE CITY'S BEAUTIFUL MOSQUES. THE VAST MAJORITY OF IRAQ'S SIX AND A HALF MILLION PEOPLE ARE MOSLEMS - THOUGH OVER HALF OF THESE BELONG TO THE MINORITY SHIITE SECT OF ISLAM.

    IRAQ ALSO HAS MORE THAN A HUNDRED THOUSAND CHRISTIANS - BUT NEARLY ALL THE COUNTRY'S JEWS HAVE NOW EMIGRATED TO ISRAEL. SIXTY MILES (A HUNDRED KILOMETRES) TO THE SOUTH IS THE GATEWAY TO THE DISTANT PAST. THE BRICK RELIEFS OF ANCIENT BABYLON ARE REPRODUCED IN THE MODERN GATE TO THE RUINED CITY.

    THERE'S BEEN A CITY HERE FOR MORE THAN FOUR THOUSAND YEARS - FOR THIS REGION IS THE CRADLE OF ONE OF THE WORLD'S OLDEST CIVILISATIONS. BUT THE RUINS DATE FROM BABYLON'S LATEST AND BEST-KNOWN ERA: THE TIME OF NEBUCHADNEZZAR IN THE SIXTH CENTURY BEFORE CHRIST.

    THE PROCESSIONAL STREET UP TO ONE OF THE CITY'S MAIN TEMPLES HAS BEEN DISCOVERED VIRTUALLY INTACT. MUCH OF THE EXCAVATION WORK HAS BEEN DONE BY GERMAN ARCHAEOLOGISTS.

    THE EXACT SIZE OF NEBUCHADNEZZAR'S CITY IS STILL DISPUTED, BECAUSE IT IS NOT YET CLEAR WHICH ARE CITY WALLS AND WHICH ARE OUTER DEFENCES. THERE ARE THE ORIGINAL RELIEFS THAT ARE REPRODUCED ON THE MODERN GATEWAY.

    A WELCOME SIGHT FOR VISITORS BECAUSE THE TEMPERATURE WHEN THESE PICTURES WERE TAKEN WAS ABOUT 125 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT (52 DEGREES CENTIGRADE).

    IN THIS LAND OF TWO GREAT RIVERS - TIGRIS AND EUPHRATES - ONLY A FEW MILES SPAN THE CENTURIES: THE HEART OF AN ANCIENT KINGDOM AND THE CAPITAL OF A MODERN REPUBLICAN STATE.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAA9PTKMMJQSGSCYBVVIQ0TSXF7
    Media URN:
    VLVAA9PTKMMJQSGSCYBVVIQ0TSXF7
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    01/07/1965
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:05:07:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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