• Short Summary

    Just five years ago, Portugal was in the throes of revolution. On April 25th, 1974,?

  • Description

    1.
    MV Tank through street, crew with red carnations (2 shots)
    0.05

    2.
    SCU General Spinola through crowd, enters car
    0.13

    3.
    SCU Colonel Goncalves walks through crowd into building
    0.21

    4.
    GV Communist rally
    0.26

    5.
    CU Alvaro Cunhal at rally, SV Cheering supporters, MV Cunhal on rostrum
    0.35

    6.
    LV Troops in Lisbon street, MV troops among spectators
    0.42

    7.
    CU PAN Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho salutes, greeted
    0.50

    8.
    LV President Ramalho Eanes embraced on rostrum, TV audience take seats, LV Eanes speaking
    1.05

    9.
    CU Socialist symbol on banner, PULL OUT TO Mario Soares speaking, MV audience
    1.17

    10.
    MV ZOOM IN TO CU PAN Diogo Freitas do Amaral and Soares speaking, MV audience
    1.17

    10.
    MV ZOOM IN TO CU PAN Diogo Freitas do Amaral and Soares sign agreement
    1.28

    11.
    LV President Eanes saluting on rostrum
    1.36

    12.
    GV Sailors in parade, MV Eanes saluting, PULL OUT TO soldiers in parade
    1.54

    13.
    SV Carlos Mota Pinto leaves car, talks to newsmen, enters building
    2.10

    14.
    SV & GV Demonstrators in Oporto with banners
    2.32

    15.
    GV INTERIOR Parliamentary chamber, ZOOM IN TO CU Mota Pinto
    2.40

    16.
    SV Crowd at rally, ZOOM IN TO SCU Francisco Sa Carneiro
    2.48

    17.
    MV Vines in vineyard, SV Man picking grapes
    2.59

    18.
    GVs Fishing boats in harbour (2 shots)
    3.12



    Initials BB/



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: Just five years ago, Portugal was in the throes of revolution. On April 25th, 1974, a military group overthrew the dictatorship that had ruled the country for nearly half a century. Since then, the Portuguese have been struggling to achieve stable government and to rebuild an economy disrupted by the effects of revolution and the loss of their colonel empire in Africa.

    SYNOPSIS: The armed forces movement, wearing red carnations, carried out the revolution almost bloodlessly. They put General Antonio de Spinola, a former colonial governor, in place of the last dictator, Marcello Caetano. He and Colonel Goncalves Prime Minister in the early post-revolutionary days, have long since passed from the Portuguese political scene.

    The Communist Party might have taken complete control. Its leader, Alvaro Cunhal, had returned from exile in eastern Europe. It encouraged the break-up of big estates, but attracted violent hostility in the conservative north.

    The far left's last serious bid for power came in November 1975, under the leadership of General Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho. But his attempt was defeated by forces loyal to the existing government.

    General Antonio Ramalho Eanes was elected President in 1976, under a new constitution. It had been agreed among the parties that the first President should be a politically independent military officer.

    The Socialists were the largest party in parliament, and President Eanes asked their leader, Mario Soares, to form a government. But Dr. Soares did not have an absolute majority. After 18 months, he was forced into a coalition with the conservative Centre Democrats, under Professor Diogo Freitas do Amaral. Last July, the Centre Democrats withdrew their support, and President Eanes dismissed Dr. Soares.

    President Eanes was elected for five years, and can serve one more term after that.

    The President has come under some criticism from politicians who see him as wanting to return to a military regime -- though he himself has repeatedly said he wants to see the armed forces finally taken out of politics. After dismissing Dr. Soares as Prime Minister, he turned to non-party men. The present prime Minister, Professor Carlos Mota Pinto was his second choice, after Alfredo Nobre da Costa, a businessman, failed to get parliamentary support.

    Professor Mota Pinto, like his predecessors, has run into trouble because of his attempts to restore economic stability to Portugal. He has proposed austerity measures which have aroused militant opposition from the Communist-led trades union.

    Parliament defeated Professor Mota Pinto's budget last month, and it looked as though he might have to resign. But he survived because the Social Democrats, headed by Dr. Francisco Sa Carneiro, themselves split after withdrawing their support.

    The Portuguese economy needs help -- which the International Monetary Fund is ready to provide once there is a settled government. A third of the people work on the land -- but it has to import half its food. The country needs more industry and more jobs before it can become strong enough to join the European Community.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAA3QNB2I0CHK9Q1GU822IGYXGU
    Media URN:
    VLVAA3QNB2I0CHK9Q1GU822IGYXGU
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    20/04/1979
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:03:13:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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