The trial has begun of the Polish dissident, Edmund Baluka, detained by the military when martial law was declared, for alleged anti-state activities during and after a self-imposed seven-year exile.
CU ZOOM OUT FROM Edmund Baluka seated in dock during trial PAN TO military officer Andrzej Kamienski, prosecutor, reading charges.
SV Military judges. (2 SHOTS)
SV Counsel for defence Josef Eichstaadt & CU Baluka. (2 SHOTS)
SV Members of public.
GV Prosecutor continues reading.
SV PAN FROM Baluka TO judges.
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Background: The trial has begun of the Polish dissident, Edmund Baluka, detained by the military when martial law was declared, for alleged anti-state activities during and after a self-imposed seven-year exile. Baluka, aged fifty, spent almost 16 months in an internment camp before being brought to trial on April 11 at the Pomeraian Military District Court in Bydgoszcz. He is charged on several counts for anti-state activities between 1973 and 1981 aimed at subverting Poland's socialist system. At the opening of the trial Baluka declared all the charges were groundless. Edmund Baluka became active in trade union activities during 1970 and 1971 when he worked at the Szczecin shipyard. His so-called anti-state activities allegedly started when, as a crew members of the MS Siekierki, he jumped ship at Las Palmas and sought political asylum. In seven years of exile, in Spain and France, he allegedly made contact with Radio Free Europe and was associated with various anti-socialist publications. The military court claims he tried to smuggle subversive literature into Poland and that he also became, while in exile, a member of the Provisional Committee of the Polish Socialist Labour Party. Edmund Baluka returned to Poland in April 1981 using a false French passport and was given shelter by various members of Solidarity in Szczecin. Reading out the charges the military prosecutor Andrzej Kamienski alleged that after military authorities assured him he would not be arrested for illegally entering the country, Baluka had become politically active in the banned Solidarity free trade union. Kamienski also claimed Baluka had kept up his links with Radio Free Europe.