Jordan is today facing a housing crisis which is expected to last for the next 10 years and massive government-backed building projects are underway in a bid to overcome the shortage.
GV Traffic in streets for Al-Hamame
SV Sign on building "Housing Bank"
SV INT People talking to bank officials and receiving money (4 shots)
GV Housing Corporation building and sign (2 shots)
SV INT Arabs registering to buy land and signing documents (3 shots)
GV Buildings under construction at Marj Al-Hamame (5 shots)
GV Armed forces housing project showing foundation for buildings 95 shots
GV Crane lowering pre-fabricated section of house
CU Bricklayer working and partly completed housing project (2 shots)
GV Armed forces building site
SV INT Ministers signing housing project agreement (2 shots)
CU Portrait of King Hussein
SV Ministers stand and shake hands
Initials BB/1745 SM/AW/BB/1815
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Background: Jordan is today facing a housing crisis which is expected to last for the next 10 years and massive government-backed building projects are underway in a bid to overcome the shortage.
Statistics show that the country needs an additional 16,000 home units each year. The reasons for this include a population growth of 3.2% a year; migration from the villages to the cities; migration from the West Bank to the East Bank of the jordan after the 1967 war; and migration from Lebanon as a result of the current civil war there. To cope with the housing problem, the Housing Corporation was formed in 1965 to help workers on low and middle incomes buy homes on a low interest rate.
Between 1970 and 1975 the corporation completed 4,000 units in 38 separate projects. Its target between now and 1980 is to build an additional 31,000 units. The corporation is now studying low-cost forms of housing, such as the use of pre-fabricated wall panels. It is hoped this will cut down the cost, while at the same time speeding up the building programme.
It is also investigating the further development of suburbs of Amman where land is cheaper. The Housing Corporation is not the only government body seeking to solve the housing shortage. Other departments, including the armed forces, are working to build houses for their own employees and officers.
The Housing Bank has also taken some responsibility for solving the problem by giving individual loans to those who have land and are willing to build their own house.
SYNOPSIS: A suburb of Jordan's capital Amman--just one of the areas facing a housing crisis in the country. The shortage is expected to last for the next ten years. It could easily become worse rather than better despite Government programmes to alleviate it. The Jordanian Housing Bank is providing more homes by making housing finance available to people who own land. One of the more recent causes of the crisis has been the migration of people from Lebanon as a result of the civil war there. Many of these new arrivals are Jordanians who used to work in Lebanon.
There was also been a large movement of company offices from Beirut to Amman, which has put even more demand on housing and tripled the rents in some areas.
The main government move towards providing more living accommodation has been the creation of the Housing Corporation. This was formed 11 years ago to help workers on low and middle incomes to buy homes on low rates of interest. Between 1970 and 1975 it completed 4,000 units, and in the current five-year plan its target is 31,000.
Other government departments are also involved in construction work. This project is being undertaken by the armed forces and will provide accommodation for military personnel, thus taking some of the pressure off civilian housing.
The Housing Corporation is now studying low-cost forms of housing, such as the use of pre-fabricated wall panels. It is hoped these will cut down construction costs, while speeding up the building programme at the same time.
The corporation has signed an agreement with a contractor to build 1,000 units in 166 buildings in Marka, a suburb of Amman. The corporation is turning to the suburbs as a source of cheap land.