INTRODUCTION: A fresh attempt at finding a solution to the Kampuchean refugees problem has begun with a conference of South East Asian leaders in the Philippines.
CU Hotel flags PULL BACK TO GV hotel in Manila Philippines
GV Delegates arriving in hotel lobby and pass CU sign "Meeting in Progress" (2 shots)
SV Delegate walks into conference room
GV & SV Refugee camp and starving refugees in Kampuchea, October 1979 (4 shots)
SV Refugee camp with tents in tatters and prone refugee on ground (2 shots)
GV Refugees on the march to Thai border GV of camp. (2 shots)
LV ZOOM INTO GV Thousands of refugees on border wait to cross lines to pick up rice sacks as aid (2 shots)
GV Trucks bringing seed rice into Kampuchea (May 1980). GV bullock cats with seed rice (2 shots)
GV Peasants planting rice in flooded field (3 shots)
GV Refugees walking with baskets of goods
AERIAL VIEW Refugee Red Cross camp with prefabs on Thai side of the border (2 shots)
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Background: INTRODUCTION: A fresh attempt at finding a solution to the Kampuchean refugees problem has begun with a conference of South East Asian leaders in the Philippines. But officials of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAN, were said not to be optimistic about its chances of success. The ASEAN meeting, held in a secluded beachside hotel near Manila, agreed at the end of three days of deliberations to urge United Nations Secretary General Kurt Waldheim to call an international conference on Kampuchea. Despite its largest military commitment in Kampuchea, Vietnam declined an offer to attend the Manila talks.
SYNOPSIS: The delegates included senior government officials from Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and the Philippines. They were faced with the problem of securing the implementation of an ASEAN resolution which was passed last month at the U.N. General Assembly. The resolution said Thailand was suffering from Vietnamese raid across its border, where, it was claimed, two hundred thousand Vietnamese troops were still massed. The resolution put forward a peace plan which called for all foreign troops to be withdrawn, free elections, and mutual guarantees of sovereignty. It also proposed that the U.N. should be invited to maintain law and order in Kampuchea.
Meanwhile, the problems of Kampuchea continue. Just over a year ago people were still dying in their thousands. There was no food, and no way of getting it through if there had been. Despite the best efforts of relief agencies, little could be done in the way of immediate aid.
Diseased and malnourished, those who could, fled to the border with Thailand. Eventually at least a fifth of the population, about one and a half million people, gathered in camps along the border.
UNICEF, the United Nations Children's Fund, and the International Committee of the Red Cross have delivered more than a quarter of a million tons of food, mainly rice, to the Kampucheans. But their 14-month joint relief effort was ended on the first of January this year because, it was felt, the threat of famine had gone. Not all the experts agree, however. Some feel that if aid does not continue, the country will soon slide back to desperate hunger and disease.
This year's rice crop is expected to yield more than 700,000 tons, nearly double that of last year. But some relief officials believe this will still not be enough to guarantee a future free from famine.
The United Nations says most of the refugees have left the border camps and gone home.
But there are still 150,000 Kampucheans in the border camps. And with stories circulating of corruption and violence in the camps, Thailand feels it must find a solution urgently.