Skylab III -- the second part of the Skylab space research programme -- will ????
Skylab III -- the second part of the Skylab space research programme -- will ??? launched from Cape Kennedy in Florida, U.S.A. on Saturday 28 July.
The Skylab programme spans an eight-month period and involves four launch and three crews of three men each. The Skylab project is primarily utilitarian in nature -- putting the space vehicles and ??? know-how developed by Apollo to the service of a wide range of scientific and technical disciplines.
Skylab I -- the laboratory/workshop -- was launched on May 14th. A few moment after take-off a mechanical failure led to one of the thermal shield being torn away which caused one of the solar panels to come adrift and ??? a second solar panel. Skylab II, the manned space craft, then because the centre of an enormously complex salvage operation. It was successful; a protective umbrella was erected, and the continuation of the Skylab programme was ensured.
Skylab III will be taking three more astronauts the 270 miles (435 kms) days. The three astronauts, Alan Bean, Owen Garriott and Jack Lousma, will be concentrating on studying three specific areas. Firstly themselves -- if they ??? for the full period they will be doubling the previous space endor??? record set-up by the first Skylab crew. Secondly they will be looking at the earth and its resources with a view to demonstrating the fea???ility of using the vantage point of space as a means of predicting and man???lating the behaviour of the earth's resources and the causes of pollution. Finally they will be looking at the sun, perhaps to unravel the way ??? solar energy might be tapped and utilised on earth.
The Skylab programme, because of its long-term nature, offers a unique opportunity for man to study and eventually master his environment. The outcome of the Skylab programme will determine, to a large extant, man's role in space and the directions space exploration will take in the next few ???.
SYNOPSIS: It seemed like a perfect launch as Skylab I lifted off from the launching-pad last May. But within seconds of the take-off a thermal shield and one of the solar panels came away.
A massive government/industry rescue operation succeeded in repairing the solar panels and replacing the thermal shield with a protective umbrella.
As a result of that success the Skylab programme was able to proceed. Skylab III, seen here being assembled at Cape Kennedy, is due to be launched on July 28th.
The Saturn 1B rocket will be carrying the three astronauts to the orbiting laboratory, where they will stay for up to 56 days.
The Skylab programme will be looking at how man reacts to long periods of weightlessness. A bicycle exercise machine will allow the astronauts to keep fit, while checking on their ability to perform strenuous physical work.
Skylab astronauts will also be making detailed studies of the earth to demonstrate the feasibility of using space to gather information on crop and forest distribution and health, oceanic movements and mineral and water resources.
Skylab observations might also prove useful in fighting pollution on earth. The movements of banks of smog and polluted water could be charted, anticipated and hopefully avoided.
Skylab will also offer an unmatched opportunity to gain new knowledge of the sun and perhaps learn the secrets of controlled atomic fusion -- a potential vast source of clean energy.
But despite the opportunities for study offered by Skylab its temporary residents will still have to live with the day-to-day problems of existing in space. However, they will have the benefit of the experience gained in previous space ventures.
One such benefit will be the jet-propelled back-pack manoeuvering unit, which will enable the astronauts to move outside of Skylab with considerable freedom.
Experiments submitted by students will continue to be carried out and observed by the Skylab III crew. They include predicting volcanic activity on earth by using sensors in space.
Skylab III is the second of three crews that are scheduled to make the 270-mile voyage out to the orbiting space station. The outcome of the Skylab programme will determine to a large extent man's role in space and the directions space exploration will take in the immediate future.
Through Skylab man may gain greater control over nature and unprecedented opportunities to shape his world to his own needs and likings. Skylab offers the prospect of a future in which man can make his own destiny.