The Soviet Party leader, Leonid Brezhnev, received an overwhelming public welcome upon his arrival in Bucharest on Monday (22 November).
CU Brezhnev greeted by Ceausescu at airport
CU Guard of honour
SV Brezhnev and Ceausescu wave to crowds as they walk across tarmac
SV Guard of honour marches off and Brezhnev and Ceausescu on dais (2 shots)
SV Crowds waving as Brezhnev and Ceausescu walk to building (3 shots)
SV INT Brezhnev and Ceausescu enter conference room and take their seats around a large table
SV Brezhnev seated with Soviet delegation
SV Ceausescu seated with Rumanian delegation
SCU Brezhnev and Gromyko
GV Delegates seated during conference
Rumania has followed a path distinct from Moscow's on several issues in the past few years, opposing the 1968 Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, maintaining relations with China, Israel, and Chile, and developing ties with the West. Rumania has also in an open disagreement with the Kremlin on problems of the Communist movement as well as on certain aspects of collaboration, both within and outside Comecon, the east European trading block.
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Background: The Soviet Party leader, Leonid Brezhnev, received an overwhelming public welcome upon his arrival in Bucharest on Monday (22 November). The three day visit to Rumania ended with a joint declaration on further. cooperation between the two countries, signed by Brezhnev and Rumanian President, Nicolae Ceausescu, on Wednesday (24 November).
SYNOPSIS: The Rumanian President and party leader was at the airport to greet Leonid Brezhnev, who visited Bucharest for the first time in ten years. Red carpet was rolled out all the way, and there were crowds estimated at up to 200,000 people. The size of the reception for the Soviet leader was seen as attempt at demonstrating Rumania's willingness to improve its often strained relations with the Kremlin.
Both leader appeared determined to steer their bilateral relations into less stormy waters when they opened the second round of discussions on Tuesday (23 November) Rumanian Prime Minister, Manea Manescu, and Soviet Foreign Minister, Andrei Gromyko, also participated. The joint declaration signed on Wednesday (24 November), provides for "continued development of fraternal calibration and friendship" between the two countries. But diplomatic observers in Bucharest, assessing previous statements made by the two leaders during the visit, said they did not indicate that either country had made any major concessions to the other.