A former Foreign Minister of South Korea, Mr. Chyung Yil-Hyung, was among 18 people found?
MV Flags PULL BACK TO GV Seoul criminal court building
GV Street scene PAN security police and newsmen outside court (4 shots)
MV Woman defendant entering court
MV Priest and nuns enter court (2 shots)
MV PULL BACK TO GV Police and photographers gathered outside court
MVs Bearded Cardinal Stephen Kim Sou-Hwan, Archbishop of Seoul, enters court (3 shots)
MV Chyng Yil-Hyung and wife Dr. Lee Tai-Young, arrive at court (2 shots) (wife uses maiden name)
The trial has been overshadowed in recent days by the increased tension between North and South Korea following the deaths of two United States offices at the hands of North Korean guards in the demilitarised zone. However, Reuters, reporting from Seoul, said that an outcry was anticipated over the harshness of some of the jail terms. Reuters says that the United States has been embarrassed diplomatically and politically by the tough internal policies of the present South Korean government. The wife of Mr. Yil-Hyung is known by her maiden name.
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Background: A former Foreign Minister of South Korea, Mr. Chyung Yil-Hyung, was among 18 people found guilty on Friday (27 August) of defying an emergency decree by urging the restoration of full democracy to the nation. His wife, Dr. Lee Tai-Young, a leading women's rights campaigner was also found guilty.
SYNOPSIS: An ex-President of South Korea, 78-year-old Mr. Yung Po-Sun, and former Presidential candidate Mr. Kim Dae-Jung were sentenced to eight years imprisonment. All the defendants were charged after they defied the decree last year. At the time they also demanded the resignation of South Korean President, General Park Ching-Hee, and the abolition of the present constitution.
The defendants -- who all denied the charges -- were given one week to file their appeals against conviction. Many of them, including priests and nuns, belong to the South Korean Christian community. Others charged included academics and intellectuals in the forefront of the campaign to restore full democracy to South Korea. The presidential decree bans all criticism of the constitution and the decree itself, and the spreading of distorted reports.
Watching the proceedings was the bearded Cardinal Stephen Kim Sou-Hwan, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Seoul. The trial followed a declaration read to the congregation in Myong-Dong Cathedral in the capital.
The former Foreign Minister, Mr. Yil-Hyung and his wife were both sentenced to five years jail by the Seoul Criminal District Court. Five more defendants were given jail terms ranging from two to four years. Passing sentence, the presiding Judge said that all the defendants had brought harm to the state.