An Ethiopia, which has in recent months faced famine, strikes and radical challenges to a social order jealously guarded and protected for several hundred years, united on Sunday (5 May) to celebrate the 33rd anniversary of Victory Day - the day Emperor Haile Selassie returned to his capital in triumph after the end of the Italian occupation.
GV Police band playing in Menilik 11 Square, ZOOM TO band playing. (2 shots)
CU PAN UP Monument to Ethiopians killed by Italians.
GV Band marching through street.
GV Patriots arriving at the church.
SV PAN Over police and crowd outside church.
CU woman patriots with decorations and side arms. (3 shots)
SCU Patriot on steps of church.
SV INT Emperor kisses ??? ???.
SV Ministers kissing Holy Bible.
SV Clergy at altar during service.
CU ZOOM OUT Haile Selassie during singing.
SV PAN Over women singing
SCU Military chiefs during singing. (2 shots)
SV Head of Church during service.
LV Sunlight thorugh window.
SV Emmperor and Patriarch leaving church.
GV Police surrounding Emperor's car as he departs.
Initials VS. 18.19 VS.18.42
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Background: An Ethiopia, which has in recent months faced famine, strikes and radical challenges to a social order jealously guarded and protected for several hundred years, united on Sunday (5 May) to celebrate the 33rd anniversary of Victory Day - the day Emperor Haile Selassie returned to his capital in triumph after the end of the Italian occupation.
In the capital, Addis Ababa, a 21-gun salute was fired at dawn, brass bands from the Police, the Imperial body Guard and the Armed Forced marched through the main streets of the city, and at 7 a.m. the Emperor attended a Thanksgiving Service at the "Meskaye Hezunan" Saviour's Church.
Veterans of the resistance war against the Italians after the defeat of the Ethiopian Army, including many women attended wearing sidearms for the occasion.
Italian military operations against Ethiopia began on 3rd October 1935 and Italian forces finally entered Addis Ababa on 5 May the following year after the defeat of the Ethiopian Army in March. But resistance movements against the occupying forces continued.
Converging British offensives against Italian East Africa began in January 1941. The southern column entered the capital and Haile Selassie re-entered Addis Ababa in triumph on 5 May 1941.
SYNOPSIS: Ethiopia on Sunday celebrated the thirty-third anniversary of Victory Day - the day Emperor Haile Selassie returned in triumph to his capital Addis Ababa at the end of five years of Italian occupation. Dawn had been marked by a twenty-one gun salute and, during the day, police and military bands played in many parts of the city, including here at the Monument to Ethiopians killed by italian forces.
It was a day of unity after months of turmoil for an Ethiopia which has faced famines, strikes and radical changes to its old social order.
Resistance fighters who fought on after the Ethiopian Army had been defeated on 5 May, 1936 and the capital occupied, attended the Meskaye Hezunan Saviours Church for a Thanksgiving Service.
Many women fought alongside their men with obsolete weapons against the superior firepower of the Italian Army which had annexed their old independent Christian state.
Emmperor Haile Selassie The First, kisses the Holy Bible of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and is followed by his Cabinet Ministers, including the Prime Minister and the Defence Minister.
Haile Selassie left Ethiopia a few days before the italian forces took the capital. The Emperor reached England and presented his country's case in person before the League of Nations - in vain.
Senior officials of the armed forces were also there to celebrate the end of their Emperor's four years of exile in England.
Other members of the Imperial family gave thanks in the Saviour's church.
One Ethiopian newspaper said Victory Day was a reminder of the immense sacrifices made to cherish Ethiopian independence, and that its people were always strong and united - more so in times of crisis.
For Emperor Haile Selassie and his ancient kingdom the past months have been probably the greatest crisis since Italian troops invaded without declaring war on 3 October, 1935.