• Short Summary

    MARINER SIX, AMERICA'S UNMANNED MARS PROBE, YESTERDAY (TUESDAY) BEGAN SENDING BACK TO EARTH THE FIRST PICTURES OF THE MARTIAN SURFACE.

  • Description

    MARINER SIX, AMERICA'S UNMANNED MARS PROBE, YESTERDAY (TUESDAY) BEGAN SENDING BACK TO EARTH THE FIRST PICTURES OF THE MARTIAN SURFACE. THE 850-POUND (350 KG) WINDMILL-SHAPED SPACECRAFT WAS LAUNCHED FROM CAPE KENNEDY ON FEBRUARY 24, 1969 AND COVERED A TOTAL DISTANCE OF MORE THAN 240 MILLION MILES (380 MILLION KMS) BEFORE IT STARTED TO TAKE PICTURES. ITS FIRST SERIES OF PICTURES WERE TAKEN FROM A DISTANCE OF ABOUT 750,000 MILES (1,200,00 KMS) FROM MARS.

    THE FIRST PICTURE, WHICH TOOK FIVE MINUTES TO FORM ON TELEVISION SCREENS AT THE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY IN PASADENA, CALIFORNIA, AND ACROSS THE WORLD, SHOWED AN EGG-LIKE DISC. THE QUALITY SEEMED LITTLE CLEARER THAN IN PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN FROM TELESCOPES.

    BY THE TENTH PICTURE, TAKEN FROM A DISTANCE OF ABOUT 650,000 MILES (1,045,800 KMS) FROM THE MARTIAN SURFACE, THE CLARITY HAD IMPROVED. THE NORTH POLE WAS VISIBLE ON THE LEFT OF THE SCREEN AND THE STARK WHITE POLAR CAP COULD BE SEEN TO THE RIGHT.

    MARINER SIX WILL SWOOP DOWN TO WITHIN 2,000 MILES (3,200 KMS) OF THE MARTIAN SURFACE SOMETIME TONIGHT (WEDNESDAY). PICTURES AND EXPERIMENTS BY MARINER SIX AND ITS TWIN SPACECRAFT, MARINER SEVEN, FOLLOWING FIVE DAYS BEHIND, ARE EXPECTED TO SHOW WHETHER OR NOT LIFE IS POSSIBLE ON THE RED PLANT.

    EXPERIMENTS WILL EXAMINE THE ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE AROUND MARS, DETERMINE IF THERE IS ANY WATER VAPOUR OR OXYGEN AND NITROGEN IN THE AIR, AND IF THE ICE AT THE POLAR REGION IS COMPOSED OF FROZEN GAS OR FROZEN WATER.

    THE MARINER EXPERIMENTS ARE A PRECURSOR OF AN UNMANNED LANDING ON THE MARTIAN SURFACE, KNOWN AS PROJECT VIKING, IN 1973.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA9LVGT9DBTT4QJFN7IUGJDMSJ8
    Media URN:
    VLVA9LVGT9DBTT4QJFN7IUGJDMSJ8
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    30/07/1969
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:02:09:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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