The Soviet Union on Monday (January 21) marked the 50th anniversary of the death of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin.
GV EXT Lenin's Mausoleum
SV & CU Podgorny Brezhnev & Kosygin left to right and others follow behind including Gromyko
CU Zoom out leaders standing to attention
CU Moscow 1917 Lenin addressing crowd
CU still of Lenin with Stalin
LV Workers marching with rifles
LV & SV Lenin addressing army in the field from car and presenting colours (5 shots)
Moscow 1974 TGV Pan across Kremlin to show queue outside Lenin's Mausoleum on anniversary
LV & CU People filing into mausoleum (4 shots)
MOSCOW 1917: LENIN ADDRESSING CROWD: STILL OF LENING AND STALIN: WORKERS MARCHING WITH RIFLES: LENING ADDRESSING SOLDIERS IN FIELD FROM CAR AND PRESENTING COLOURS:
MOSCOW 1974: QUEUE TO LENIN MAUSOLEUM ADJOINING KREMLIN: PEOPLE FILING IN.
Initials SC/141 SC/208
This film of Monday's commemorations in Moscow also contains library film of Lenin addressing crowds in Petrograd in 1917.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: The Soviet Union on Monday (January 21) marked the 50th anniversary of the death of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin.
In a front page editorial the Communist party newspaper Pravda said the "outstanding success of the Soviet people in the building of a new society, and in the struggle for peace and social progress are indivisible in our minds from the teachings of V. I. Lenin. Our age is witness to the unprecedented triumph of Leninist philosophy of labour, or social optimism and peace."
Leaders of the Soviet Union took a large wreath to the Lenin Mauseleum on Monday. They included Nikolai Podgorny, President of the Supreme Soviet, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers Alexei Kosygin, Leonid Brezhnev General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party, and Andrei Gromyke, Foreign Minister.
The ribbon on the wreath rad "To Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, a leader and teacher of genius".
It was Lenin, from his headquarters in the Smolny Institute, who led the rising that captured the government offices in Petrograd on November 6, 1917. Lenin became head of the new government -- the Council of People's Commissars. But his health deteriorated in 1923, after an attempt on his life by a social revolutionary.
Five days after his death on January 21, 1924, at the age of 54, the city of petrograd was renamed Leningrad in his honour.
He left a secret testament which recommended that Josef Stalin should not succeed him.
In Monday's Pravda, an article on Lenin's revolutionary heritage endorsed the course followed by Stalin after 1924. It said that after Lenin's death the Party Central Committee (with Stalin as General Secretary), did everything to strengthen its "working class nucleus".
SYNOPSIS: Lenin set about turning the hastily assembled volunteers, known as the Red Guards, into the Red Army, which was finally victorious over the counter revolutionary forces. But Lenin's healt deteriorated in 1923 after an attempt on his life. He died a year later, aged fifty four.