Several black African leaders gathered in Gaborone in Botswana on Thursday (30 September) to hold further secret meetings on the crisis over Rhodesia.
GV Sir Seretse Khama addressing gathering
GV People listening
SV National flags
Sv Seretse khama steps out of car and is greeted by officials
SV Troops parading flags
SV President Kaunda arriving
SV president Mobutu standing beside Seretse Khama
SV Kaunda and Mobutu seated on dais
SV Joshua Nkomo and wife seated on dais (2 shots)
SV Bishop Abel Muzorewa seated on dais
GV PAN Crowd
SV Seretse Khama speaking at microphone as crowd listens (2 shots)
SV Mozambique Vice President chanting at microphone
SV Troops marching in formation in arena (2 shots)
SV & SCU British Minister Rowlands, seated in stand and chatting (2 shots)
BELL: "Botswana's President, Sir Seretse Khama, greets his people on the tenth anniversary of the country's independence. The celebrations here are the kind of diplomatic event that usually has rather more show than substance. But not this time. And the reason is Rhodesia. Sir Seretse is not the only one of the so-called front-line presidents here. Kaunda of Zambia is another. He has welcomed the early calling of the conference. and like Mobutu of Zaire -- another of the big names present -- has a particular interest in ensuring that Rhodesia doesn't go the way of Angola. A man the moderates would like to see playing a leading part in the transitional government, Mr. Joshua Nkomo, is also in Gaborone, so is Bishop Abel Muzorewa, a leader of the faction-ridden ANC. And this is the value of such an event diplomatically, that it brings together people who have to be brought together and consulted about the conference. Sir Seretse Khama in his speech refers to the worsening situation in southern African and his hopes for racial harmony. But the....
....Mozambique Vice-President replying, calls for revolution. Behind the day's celebrations, the marching and parading in the capital, this is the essential choice -- evolution or revolution -- that lies at the heart of the African debate on Rhodesia. In Botswana, even ten years after independence, the white man's way of doing things is still evidently influential. Changes in Rhodesia are likely to be faster and further reaching. The British Minister of State, Mr. Rowlands, who's hers to held set up the conference, has taken a back seat at the ceremonies, but not in the diplomacy going with them."
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Background: Several black African leaders gathered in Gaborone in Botswana on Thursday (30 September) to hold further secret meetings on the crisis over Rhodesia. The day before, the British Foreign Secretary, Mr. Anthony Crosland, had called for a constitutional conference on majority rule in Rhodesia in about two weeks time. The African leaders were officially in Gaborone to attend Botswana's celebration of the country's tenth independence anniversary. BBC reporter, Martin Bell, satellited this report back to London.