• Short Summary

    MANY SCIENTISTS CONSIDER JUPITER THE MOST FASCINATING OF THE OUTER PLANETS. MORE THAN 1,000 TIMES?

  • Description

    MANY SCIENTISTS CONSIDER JUPITER THE MOST FASCINATING OF THE OUTER PLANETS. MORE THAN 1,000 TIMES THE SIZE OF EARTH, ITS SURFACE IS HIDDEN BY A DENSE LAYER OF CLOUDS...CLOUDS THAT FORM SLATE BLUE, YELLOW, BROWN AND PINK BANDS AROUND ITS CIRCUMFERENCE.

    SOMETIME IN LATE FEBRUARY OR EARLY MARCH, THIS 570 POUND NUCLEAR POWERED SPACECRAFT, PIONEER P. WILL BE LAUNCHED TOWARD JUPITER. BUILT BY TRW, AND MANAGED BY NASA'S AMES RESEARCH CENTRE, PIONEER F, WITH ITS THIRTEEN SCIENTIFIC EXPERIMENTS, IS THE FIRST OF TWO CRAFT THAT WILL EXPLORE AND MAP THE VAST OUTER REGION OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM. THE SECOND PIONEER, PIONEER G. WILL BE LAUNCHED ONE YEAR AFTER THIS FIRST ONE.

    TAKING ABOUT TWENTY-TWO MONTHS, PIONEER WILL TRAVEL HALF-A-BILLION MILES BEFORE SWINGING IN AN ARC 90,000 MILES FROM THE HUGE PLANET, APPROXIMATELY CHRISTMAS TIME 1973.

    THOUSANDS OF ASTEROIDS CIRCLE THE SUN JUST BEYOND THE ORBIT OF MAR???. PIONEER WILL SPEND SIX MONTHS TO A YEAR PASSING THROUGH THIS 150 MILLION MILE-WIDE BELT OF TINY PLANETS.

    INSTRUMENTATION ONBOARD THE INTER-PLANETARY VOYAGER CAN COUNT AND MEASURE ANY PARTICLES HITTING OR PASSING THE SPACECRAFT. ASSESSING THE HAZARDS OF DEEP SPACE IS ONE OF PIONEER'S GOALS AS A PRELUDE TO THE EXPLORATION OF OTHER PLANETS.

    A CONTINUOUS FLOW OF INFORMATION WILL BE TRANSMITTED BACK TO SCIENTISTS...AMONG OTHER THINGS, INFORMATION ON GALACTIC COSMIC RAYS AND THE SOLAR WIND. TRAVELLING AT THE SPEED OF LIGHT, THESE MESSAGES WILL STILL TAKE NEARLY THREE-QUARTERS OF AN HOUR TO REACH EARTH.

    RIGHT NOW IT'S NOT KNOWN IF THE SURFACE OF JUPITER IS SOLID OR LIQUID. VIOLENT STORMS CHURN UP ITS ATMOSPHERE...STORMS BELIEVED TO BE CAUSED BY THE PLANET'S RAPID SPINNING...TWICE AS FAST AS EARTH.

    IT IS SURROUNDED BY TWELVE MOONS...THREE LARGER THAN EARTH'S MOON. JUPITER TODAY MAY BE VERY SIMILAR TO WHAT IT IS BELIEVED PRIMITIVE EARTH WAS LIKE SEVERAL BILLION YEARS AGO.

    THOUSANDS OF ASTEROIDS CIRCLE THE SUN JUST BEYOND THE ORBIT OF MARS. PIONEER WILL SPEND SIX MONTHS TO A YEAR PASSING THROUGH THIS 150 MILLION MILE-WIDE BELT OF TINY PLANETS.

    INSTRUMENTATION ONBOARD THE INTERPLANETARY VOYAGER CAN COUNT AND MEASURE ANY PARTICLES HITTING OR PASSING THE SPACECRAFT. ASSESSING THE HAZARDS OF DEEP SPACE IS ONE OF PIONEER'S GOALS AS A PRELUDE TO THE EXPLORATION OF OTHER PLANETS.

    THE PIONEER FLIGHTS SHOULD PROVIDE NEW UNDERSTANDING. PROCESSES THAT HAVE AFFECTED THE EARTH, AND WILL CONTINUE TO AFFECT OUR ENVIRONMENT, MAY BECOME CLEARER WHEN MORE IS LEARNED ABOUT THE ENVELOPMENT OF JUPITER AND OTHER PLANETS.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA9F81JQV6AGQ7DQM2QWOHGDG1W
    Media URN:
    VLVA9F81JQV6AGQ7DQM2QWOHGDG1W
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    01/01/1972
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:03:08:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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