Peru's last constitutional President, Fernando Belaunde Terry, seems certain to win that country's first election in 17 years.
GV EXTERIOR: Centrist Popular Action Party Balley with candidate Fernando Belaunde Terry on balcony speaking.
SV: Supporters with placards listening
GV: Crowd waving placards listening (3 shots)
GV ZOOM IN: Senor Belaunde on balcony TILT DOWN TO crowd applauding. (3 shots)
SV: Senor Belaunde watching chanting crowd from balcony
SV INTERIOR: President Belaunde at presidential elections (MUTE) (2 shots)
GV EXTERIOR: Inter-American Congress of Cardiologists Exposition building various national flags flying outside (2 shots) (MUTE)
SV: Mr Balaunde out of car, greeted and entering building. (MUTE)
SV INTERIOR: Mr Belaunde walking around medical exposition (MUTE)
SV: Working model of human heart working, and Mr Belaunde continues tour (2 shots) (MUTE)
GV: American Popular Revolutionary Alliance rally in Lima Plazza with crowds cheering (2 shots)
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: Peru's last constitutional President, Fernando Belaunde Terry, seems certain to win that country's first election in 17 years. After twelve years of military rule, it was thought the election could result in stalemate, but former President Belaunde is polling well above the required 36 per cent of the vote. His main rival, however, has accused government officials of widespread fraud.
SYNOPSIS: Senor Belaunde won the last election to be held in Peru in 1963. He was removed from power close to the end of his term as President by a bloodless military coup in 1968. But, like their counterparts in neighbouring Ecuador, Peru's military rulers recently decided to hold elections, declaring they would "respect the will of Peruvian people". Senor Belaunde -- although in exile -- clearly held considerable popular support. This rally in Lima, in support of his Centrist Popular Action Party, drew an estimated 150,000 people.
The campaign has been marred by political violence, despite tight military control. Neither Senor Belaunde, nor his major leftist rival, Armando Villanueva, are expected to win the election outright. Senor Villanueva was the candidate of the American Popular Revolutionary Alliance -- traditionally lone of South American's best organised political parties. APRA, as it is known, was founded by the late Victor Raul Haya de la Torre, for many years Peru's best known politician.
It was Haya de la Torre, who Senor Belaunde defeated in the 1962 elections. Calling himself populist, Senor Belaunde gained power with Communist support in a bitter and controversial struggle. After five years of shaky government, the military intervened and General Juan Velasco Alvarddo became President, leading Peru into a unique experiment with 'military socialism'. Important reforms were carried out, particularly land reform, but the economic effects were disastrous and the country developed a severe balance of payments problem and had to rely heavily on the International Monetary Fund. The inflation rate reached 60 percent in 1978.
Senor Belaunde will inherit many of the problems he left behind twelve years ago, and he must establish unity in the face of allegations by APRA of fraud. He will also need the support of an army which after more than a decade, has voluntarily relinquished power.