• Short Summary

    CHANNEL TUNNEL OR CHANNEL BRIDGE? INTEREST IN A PHYSICAL LINK BETWEEN BRITAIN AND FRANCE IS?

  • Description

    CHANNEL TUNNEL OR CHANNEL BRIDGE? INTEREST IN A PHYSICAL LINK BETWEEN BRITAIN AND FRANCE IS GROWING. WHILE OFFICIALS FROM BOTH GOVERNMENTS ARE DECIDING ON A DATE AND PLACE FOR TALKS ON A "FIXED INSTALLATION", RIVAL BRIDGE AND TUNNEL SUPPORTERS A HAVE PRODUCED MODELS OF WHAT THEY CLAIM WILL BE THE MOST EFFICIENT WAY TO JOIN THE TWO COUNTRIES. ON SEPTEMBER 19 DETAILS AND MODEL OF A CHANNEL BRIDGE - TO COST SOME GBP200 MILLION - WERE RELEASED AT PARIS CONFERENCE. NOW COMES A MODEL OF HOW THE RAILWAY TUNNEL TERMINAL WILL BE OPERATED. THE MODEL HAS BEEN PREPARED BY THE MODEL SECTION OF THE BRITISH TRANSPORT COMMISSION PUBLICITY DEPARTMENT. IT IS BASED ON THE ACTUAL PROPOSED DESIGN BUT IT HAS BEEN REDUCED TO A SIZE SUITABLE FOR EXHIBITION PURPOSES. TRAINS SHOWN ON THE MODEL ARE MUCH SHORTER IN LENGTH THAN IF THEY WERE MADE TO SCALE. IT ALSO SHOWS ONLY ONE LOADING DOCK IN ACTION WITH A SMALL SINGLE DECKER TRAIN TO OPEN WAGONS. IN PRACTICE THE TRAINS WILL BE COMPOSED OF COVERED SINGLE AND DOUBLE-DECK CAR CARRIERS AND THERE WILL BE AT LEAST FOUR DOCKS EACH CAPABLE OF BOTH LOADING AND UNLOADING 300 CARS AT A TIME. THUS. THE MODEL SHOW THE PRINCIPLE OF THE TERMINAL OPERATION RATHER THAN THE SPEED AND EXTENT OF THE SERVICES AND FACILITIES. THE PROPOSED SITE OF THE TUNNEL IS BETWEEN THE EXISTING SOUTHERN REGION MAIN LINE LONDON TO DOVER AND THE A20 MAIN ROAD. THE FREIGHT YARD, ALSO SIMPLIFIED, SHOWS SEVERAL TYPES OF BRITISH AND ANGLO-CONTINENTAL WAGONS TOGETHER WITH A TRAIN OF THE NEW "ROAD RAILERS" WHICH CAN RUN ON RAIL AND ROAD. THE ENTRANCE TO THE TUNNEL, WHICH WILL BE ABOUT 6 1/2 MILES FROM THE TERMINAL HAS BEEN BROUGHT CLOSE TO THE MODEL. IT COMPRISES TWO SEPARATE SINGLE LINE RAIL TUNNELS WITH A MAINTENANCE TUNNEL IN BETWEEN. ALSO RELEASED, FURTHER DETAILS OF HOW THE TUNNEL PROJECT WILL OPERATE. THE REPORT ON THE TUNNEL. PRODUCED BY THE CHANNEL STUDY GROUP. AT ONCE POINTS OUT WHAT IT CLAIMS ARE THE DISADVANTAGES OF THE BRIDGE. THE TUNNEL, SAYS THE REPORT, WOULD BE UNAFFECTED BY FOG, SNOW, ICE AND OTHER WEATHER HAZARDS AND VEHICLE BREAKDOWNS AND BECAUSE THE ENTRANCES TO THE TUNNEL WOULD BE SET WELL BACK FROM THE COAST, IT WOULD NOT LEAD TO FURTHER CONGESTION ON THE HEAVILY LOADED COAST ROADS AND IN THE CHANNEL PORT TOWNS.

    THE TWO SCHEMES PUT FORWARD ARE: 1. THE TUNNEL: A GBP130 MILLION TUNNEL WHICH WOULD BE FINANCED BY PRIVATE CAPITAL RAISED IN BRITAIN, NORTH AMERICA AND WESTERN EUROPE. IT HAS BEEN CLAIMED THAT WORK COULD BEGIN WITHIN THREE TO SIX MONTHS OF APPROVAL. BUILDING WOULD TAKE FIVE YEARS. THE SCHEME WOULD BE CAPABLE OF CARRYING 1,800 VEHICLES AND HOUR IN EITHER DIRECTION, WITH TERMINALS AT FOLKSTONE AND CALAIS. ESTIMATED FARES WOULD BE GBP1. 1Os. FOR A PASSENGER AND GBP5. 16s. FOR A MEDIUM-SIZED CAR. PARLIAMENTARY GROUPS IN BOTH COUNTRIES HAVE RECENTLY EXERTED PRESSURE ON THEIR GOVERNMENTS TO BEGIN TALKS ON THE TUNNEL SCHEME.

    2. THE BRIDGE: A FRENCH SCHEME PROVIDES FOR A BRIDGE FROM DOVER TO CAP BLANC NEZ, NEAR CALAIS, 21 MILES LONG. ESTIMATED TO COST GBP200 MILLION, IT WOULD BE SUPPORTED BY 164 CONCRETE PILLARS AT A HEIGHT OF 230 FEET. IT WOULD HAVE FIVE TRAFFIC WAYS, TWO RAILWAY LINES AND TWO MOTOR CYCLE TRACKS. THE STUDY GROUP RESPONSIBLE FOR THE IDEA IS FINANCED BY UNION ROUTIERE, WHICH REPRESENTS FRENCH ROAD AND MOTOR INTERESTS. ITS PRESIDENT IS M. JULES MOCH, THE FORMER FRENCH MINISTER' OF THE INTERIOR. THE BRIDGE COULD CARRY MORE THAN 5,000 CARS AND HOUR. THE AVERAGE TOLL FOR A CAR WOULD BE GBP6. 10s. THE SUPPORTERS OF A BRIDGE CONTEND THE GREATER TRAFFIC DENSITY IT COULD CARRY WOULD OUTWEIGH ITS HIGHER COSTS.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA9CCEGJHD60M7OXKHHX31PD1YF
    Media URN:
    VLVA9CCEGJHD60M7OXKHHX31PD1YF
    Group:
    Reuters - Incuding Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    14/10/1961
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:01:24:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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