Eleven Nobel prizewinners received their awards in Stockholm on Wednesday (10 December) from Swedish King Carl Gustaf.
GV EXTERIOR PAN Nobel building in Stockholm
CU INTERIOR Nobel 1975 sign
TV Swedish King and Danish Queen enter
SV Section of audience
GV Prize winners seated in front of the royal couple ZOOM IN SCU OF John Cornforth
SV Previous winners of prize seated behind statue
TV King presents prize to James Rainwater
TV King presents prize to Eugenio Montales
Queen watches as King walks away from Montales clapping
TV King presents prize to Leonid Kantorovich
Initials CL/2249 CL/2310
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Background: Eleven Nobel prizewinners received their awards in Stockholm on Wednesday (10 December) from Swedish King Carl Gustaf. The ceremony itself was unique ... 70 Nobel Laureates from earlier years attended for the 75th anniversary of the nobel Foundation.
More than 3,000 select guests, including Queen Margrethe of Denmark, together with other Scandinavian royalty and bemedalled ambassadors, Packed the Ceremonial hall in southern Stockholm for the ceremony.
The 1975 Laureates--five Americans, two Danes, an Italian, an Australian, a Swiss and a Russian--this year shared a record 3,150,000 kronor (350,000 pounds sterling) for their work in economics, physics, chemistry, medicine and literature.
The awards were made by the Nobel Foundation. The Nobel Peace Prize, awarded separately by the Nobel Committee of the Norwegian Parliament, went to Soviet human rights campaigner Andrei Sakharov. This was presented in Oslo on the same day to wife Yelena.
The Nobel Foundation was created 75 years ago under the provisions of the will of Alfred Nobel, the Swedish inventor of dynamite. He stipulated that the awards should go to those who "during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind".
This years's prizes went to Professors Leonid Kantorovich of the Soviet Union and Tjalling C. Koopmans of the United States for economics; Professors David Baltimore, Howard Temin and Renato Dulbecco of the United States for medicine; Professors John Cornforth, an Australian, and Vladimir Prelog of Switzerland for chemistry; Signor Eugenio Montales of Italy for literature and Professors James Rainwater of the United States and Aage Bonr and Ben Mottlesen of Denmark for physics.
SYNOPSIS:The Nobel Foundation in Stockholm celebrated its 75th anniversary on Wednesday when this year's Nobel prizes were presented. More than 3000 guests attended the ceremony in the Swedish capital. Among them were 70 Nobel Laureates from earlier years. Swedish King Gustaf and Danish Queen Margrethe presided over the ceremony.
The awards are made annually by the Nobel Foundation. Eleven people from six countries were awarded prizes on Wednesday. Among them, Australian John Cornforth for chemistry.
Only the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded separately. This took place simultaneously in the Norwegian capital, Oslo. It was awarded to Soviet human rights campaigner Andrei Sakharov and was presented to his wife. Another of the Stockholm awards went to American James Rainwater for physics.
This year's prize for literature went to Italian Eugenio Montales. Seventy-nine-year-old Signor Montales received his award for his distinctive poetry which he first started writing more than fifty years ago.
Like the other prizewinners, Signor Montales received a gold medal and will later be given nearly seventy thousand pounds sterling.
Another of the prizewinners was Soviet Professor Leonid Kantorovich who was one of two men awarded the prize for work in economics. Other prizewinners were from Switzerland and Denmark.