After a 15-year manhunt by Jewish survivors of Nazi concentration camps, the capture of Adolf Eichmann, 53, - accused of supervising for Hitler the extermination of six million Jews - was announced to a startled Israeli Parliament by Premier David Rengurion, May 23.
After a 15-year manhunt by Jewish survivors of Nazi concentration camps, the capture of Adolf Eichmann, 53, - accused of supervising for Hitler the extermination of six million Jews - was announced to a startled Israeli Parliament by Premier David Rengurion, May 23. On his direct orders Israeli undercover May 24, show Chief Magistrate, Yedidya Halevy, who issued the Investigation Branch, Superintendent Samuel Roth, at home studying photographs of Eichmann.
Israelis flocked to buy daily newspapers full of the dramatic arrest, preceded by months of careful preparation in which Israeli agents learned of Eichmann's way of life, his place of work and habits. He lived in various places under different names and maintained contact with his wife by coded letters sent to her home in Linz, Austria. Last October it was reported that Eichmann - missing since the end of the war - was living as an oil company employee in the Persian Gulf State of Kuwait, but it is understood that he was not brought from there.
In a brief statement to Parliament, Prime Minister Bengurion said that the greatest of the Nazi war criminals had been found by security forces, and that "he will shortly be placed on trial in Israel under the terms of the law for the trial of Nazis and their collaborators". The death penalty can be imposed under this law. Eichmann became head of the Gestapo's Jewish Department in 1937 and at one time was deputy to Himmler.
Newspapers in Israel have reported that Eichmann had been caught in his home in the Argentine. This was denied by Argentine Ambassador to Israel, Senor Rodolfo Garcia Arias, who agreed that an extradition agreement was signed between Israel and Argentina, May 9, but pointed out that it had not yet been ratified.