INTRODUCTION: The American Secretary of State, Alexander Haig, has returned home after a visit to Western Europe aimed at getting a concensus on an approach to de-armament talks with the Soviet Union.
GV Haig descending from aircraft with Foreign Minister Hans Dietrich Genscher 0.14
GV Haig and West Gerlin Mayor Eric Von Weiszaecher walk past guards at Tegel French military airport 0.27
CU Car bonnet with US and German flags 0.30
GV Motorcade arriving for Haig and others 0.35
GV Motorcade leaving 0.42
TOPS VIEW Anti-American demonstrators (3 shots) 0.56
TOP VIEW Marchers with banners 1.04
GV Marchers carrying banners, chanting (3 shots) 1.26
LONG VIEW Fire started by demonstrators in street 1.30
GV Police trying to move stationary car 1.32
LONG VIEW Police water cannon ZOOM IN police with riot shields 1.38
LONG VIEW Fire, police retreating in foreground 1.44
GV PAN Police advancing 1.47
LONG VIEW Fire tenders 1.50
CU Sign "WAR HAIG GO HOME" PULL BACK GV street scene 1.54
GVs Police vans, police unit advancing up street (2 shots) 2.10
LV Street fires 2.13
LV Police in riot gear advancing up street (2 shots) 2.29
GV Policeman hitting civilian with baton 2.38
Background: WEST GERMANY
INTRODUCTION: The American Secretary of State, Alexander Haig, has returned home after a visit to Western Europe aimed at getting a concensus on an approach to de-armament talks with the Soviet Union. The final engagement on his tour was a formal dinner with the West German chancellor, Helmut Schmidt and foreign minister, Hans-Dietrich Genscher. Afterwards, all three men said there was broad agreement between American and West Germany on the question of nuclear disarmament.
SYNOPSIS: Mr. Haig's European visit was in preparation for talks he will have with his Soviet counterpart, Andrei Gromyko in New York next month. At that time, they will be attempting to set broad goals for disarmament talks which Mr. Haig is confident will begin before the end of the year. The main difference between America and West Germany has been the strong support in Germany for the so-called zero option. That is no new NATO missile in Europe if the Soviet Union agree to dismantle its S.S. 20 missiles each capable of carrying three warheads. Mr. Haig has described this as ludicrous.
On the first day of his visit an estimated thirty thousand demonstrators marched through West Berlin protesting against his visit and against the proposal to site Pershing missiles in West Germany carrying Neutron warheads. There have been reports that Washington was going to delay this programme for four months because of the opposition but this was denied by Mr. Haig during his visit. However, the former General did mellow his views on the zero option during his stay. Having first described it as ludicrous he later said the United States had not rejected the idea and might consider it under ideal conditions.
Later what was a massive peaceful march broke out into violent clashes with the police.
Crowds of youths attacked the police from makeshift barricades and buildings. More than 60 policemen were injured and about one hundred people were detained. The battle between police and demonstrators raged for some hours.
Fire tenders were called in so police could use water cannons to disperse the crowd but they were attacked by other demonstrators who'd occupied houses along the roadside. Eventually police gained the upper hand but not before a number of shops including a jeweller's were looted and cars set on fire.
Despite the violence surrounding his visit, Secretary of State Haig said he had achieved what he set out to. Confirming his own belief that NATO countries were firmly behind the current two-pronged strategy of building up and renewing its own arsenals and at the same time approaching arms limitations talks with the Soviet Union to limit the number of tactical weapons in Europe.
Source: REUTERS - G. LAHMANN