• Short Summary

    PRESIDENT KENNEDY DECLARED LAST NIGHT (MONDAY) THAT THE UNITED STATES WILL STOP AND TURN BACK ANY SHIP CARRYING WEAPONS TO CUBA.

  • Description


    SOF BEGINS.



    THIS GOVERNMENT, AS PROMISED, HAS MAINTAINED THE CLOSEST SURVEILLANCE OF THE SOVIET MILITARY BUILD-UP ON THE ISLAND OF CUBA. WITHIN THE PAST WEEK, UNMISTAKABLE EVIDENCE HAS ESTABLISHED THE FACT THAT A SERIES OF OFFENSIVE MISSILE SITES IS NOW IN PREPARATION ON THAT IMPRISONED ISLAND. THE PURPOSE OF THESE BASES CAN BE NONE OTHER DONE TO PROVIDE A NUCLEAR STRIKE CAPABILITY AGAINST THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE.



    UPON RECEIVING THE FIRST PRELIMINARY HARD INFORMATION OF THIS NATURE LAST TUESDAY MORNING AT 9 A.M., I DIRECTED THAT OUR SURVEILLANCE BE STEPPED UP. AND HAVING NOW CONFIRMED AND COMPLETED OUR EVALUATION OF THE EVIDENCE AND OUR DECISION ON A COURSE OF ACTION, THIS GOVERNMENT FEE'S OBLIGED TO REPORT THIS NEW CRISIS TO YOU IN FULL DETAIL.



    WE WILL NOT PREMATURELY OR UNNECESSARILY RISK THE COST OF WORLD-WIDE NUCLEAR WAR IN WHICH EVEN THE FRUITS OF FACTORY WOULD BE ASHES IN OUR MOUTH - BUT NEITHER WILL WE SHRINK FROM THAT RISK AT ANY TIME IT MUST BE FACED. ACTING, THEREFORE, IN THE DEFENCE OF OUR OWN SECURITY AND THAT OF THE ENTIRE WESTERN HEMISPHERE, AND UNDER THE AUTHORITY ENTRUSTED TO ME BY THE CONSTITUTION AS ENDORSED TO ME BY THE RESOLUTION OF THE CONGRESS, I HAVE DIRECTED THAT THE FOLLOWING INITIAL STEPS BE TAKEN IMMEDIATELY:



    - TO HALT THIS OFFENSIVE BUILT-UP, A STRICT QUARANTINE ON ALL OFFENSIVE MILITARY EQUIPMENT UNDER SHIPMENT TO CUBA IS BEING INITIATED. ALL SHIPS OF ANY KIND BOUND FOR CUBA, FROM WHATEVER NATION OR PORT, WILL, IF FOUND TO CONTAIN CARGOES OF OFFENSIVE WEAPONS, BE TURNED BACK. THIS QUARANTINE WILL BE EXTENDED, IF NEEDED, TO OTHER TYPES OF CARGO AND CARRIERS. WE ARE NOT AT THIS TIME, HOWEVER, DENYING THE NECESSITIES OF LIFE AS THE SOVIETS ATTEMPTED TO DO IN THEIR BERLIN BLOCKADE OF 194.



    "I HAVE DIRECTED THE CONTINUED AND INCREASED CLOSE SURVEILLANCE OF CUBA AND ITS MILITARY BUILD-UP. THE FOREIGN MINISTERS OF THE OAS IN THEIR COMMUNIQUE OF OCTOBER 6 REJECTED SECRECY OF SUCH MATTERS IN THE HEMISPHERE. SHOULD THESE OFFENSIVE MILITARY PREPARATIONS CONTINUE, THUS INCREASING THE THREAT TO THE HEMISPHERE, FURTHER ACTION WILL BE JUSTIFIED. I HAVE DIRECTED THE ARMED FORCES TO PREPARE FOR ANY EVENTUALITIES: AND I TRUST THAT, IN THE INTEREST OF BOTH THE CUBAN PEOPLE AND THE SOVIET TECHNICIANS AT THESE SITES, THE HAZARDS TO ALL CONCERNED OF CONTINUING THIS THREAT WILL BE RECOGNISED."



    "IT SHALL BE THE POLICY OF THIS NATION TO REGARD ANY NUCLEAR MISSILE LAUNCHED FROM CUBA AND AGAINST ANY NATION IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE AS AN ATTACK BY THE SOVIET UNION ON THE UNITED STATES REQUIRING A FULL RETALIATORY RESPONSE UPON THE SOVIET UNION."



    "MY FELLOW CITIZENS: LET NON ONE DOUBT THAT THIS IS A DIFFICULT AND DANGEROUS EFFORT ON WHICH WE HAVE SET OUT. NO ONE CAN FORESEE PRECISELY WHAT COURSE IT WILL TAKE OR WHAT COSTS OR CASUALTIES WILL BE INCURRED. MANY MONTHS OF SACRIFICE AND SELF-DISCIPLINE LIE AHEAD - MONTHS IN WHICH BOTH OUR WILL AND OUR PATIENCE WILL BE TESTED - MONTHS IN WHICH MANY THREATS AND DENUNCIATIONS WILL KEEP US AWARE OF OUR DANGER. BUT THE GREATEST DANGER OF ALL WOULD BE TO DO NOTHING."



    S.O.F. ENDS




    Initials DD/V/ES/BB


    EDITORS NOTE: UNCUT TELERECORDING. SERVICED TO CATCH EARLY FLIGHTS.

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: PRESIDENT KENNEDY DECLARED LAST NIGHT (MONDAY) THAT THE UNITED STATES WILL STOP AND TURN BACK ANY SHIP CARRYING WEAPONS TO CUBA. IN A TELEVISION BROADCAST TO THE NATION HE SAID THE BLOCKADE WAS BEING ENFORCED AFTER "UNMISTAKABLE EVIDENCE" THAT RUSSIA IS ESTABLISHING NUCLEAR MISSILE SITES IN CUBA. THE RUSSIAN ACTION, HE DECLARED, CONSTITUTED "AN EXPLICIT THREAT TO THE PEACE AND SECURITY OF THE AMERICAS."

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA90VHJO7R2EKKGWB4STTXJ72IX
    Media URN:
    VLVA90VHJO7R2EKKGWB4STTXJ72IX
    Group:
    Reuters - Including Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    23/10/1962
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:04:51:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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