The week-long celebrations to mark the twelfth anniversary of Tanzania's independence reached a climax on Sunday (December 9) with parades, mass rallies and dancing all over the country.
GV Nyerere arriving in stadium and gets out of car
SV Crowd in stands
SV Dr. Nyerere on dais.
SV PAN Colour guard march past
GV Nyerere leaving dais and walks toward Guard of Honour
GV & SVs Nyerere reviewing guard (6 shots)
GV Spectators in stadium
GV Colour Guard march past Dr. Nyerere and other officials in stadium (3 shots)
SV Nyerere with Mr. Jumbe and PM Kawawa in stand watching march past
SV Troops march past (2 shots)
SVs people clapping to music, as troops march past (off camera) (2 shots)
GV & SVs troops march past (3 shots)
GV Nyerere leaving
Initials AE/21.35 AE/22.01
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Background: The week-long celebrations to mark the twelfth anniversary of Tanzania's independence reached a climax on Sunday (December 9) with parades, mass rallies and dancing all over the country.
In Dar Es Salaam, President Nyerere reviewed a guard of honour in the National Stadium.
Special prayers were held in churches and mosques throughout Tanzania in the morning and messages of congratulation were received from a number of countries.
SYNOPSIS: President Julius Nyerere arrives at Tanzania's National Stadium in Dar es Salaam to review a guard of honour being mounted by the country's armed forces to mark the twelfth anniversary of independence. The week-long celebrations came to a climax on Sunday.
Before the march past and review of the colour guard, there had been special prayers in churches and mosques throughout the country. Tanzania was the first British colony in East Africa to be given -- as the then Tanganyika -- independence. The union with Zanzibar to form Tanzania came three years later in 1964. But before the British came, the country had already been colonised by Germany. It was part of German East Africa until 1916, coming under British mandate and trusteeship in 1919. Independence came in 1961, when the "Winds of Change" were blowing throughout Africa.
The independence being celebrated soon led to a change of emphasis in the country's foreign relations. Diplomatic links were quickly set up with Eastern bloc countries. Particularly strong are relations with China which took on the task of building the Uhuru --- Independence -- railway on very favourable terms after western countries had refused a loan for the railway's construction. Tanzania has also been active in supporting African nationalist groups in Southern africa. It also refused to sign a Commonwealth Prime Minister's resolution on Rhodesia in 1965 because it fell short of demanding no independence before majority rule.
But many of the more serious aims of the country were far from the minds of people just celebrating independence at the weekend.
All over the country there'd been parades, mass rallies and dancing to mark the celebrations. Other activities held make the end of the celebrations included a soccer match between the mainland National team and a visiting Lesotho team. In addition, President Nyerere opened workers' canteens built through self-help at Gerezani in Dar es Salaam.