South Africa has embarked on a sweeping programme to develop substitute fuels to help overcome its fuel crisis.
SV INTERIOR: TILT DOWN from tank along pipe TO beaker in test laboratory (two shots)
CU Smoke meter PULL OUT TO SV of tractor running (two shots)
SV PAN Generator powering tractor (three shots)
SV Technician monitoring gauges
GV EXTERIOR Agriculture Minister Hendrik Schoeman driving tractor in field
INTERIOR GV AND SV Tractor being tested in workshop (three shots)
SV EXTERIOR PULL OUT TO GV Line of tractors of different types being tested (three shots)
GV Schoeman and another driver moving along on two tractors
CU Schoeman speaking
TRANSCRIPT: SEQ. 9: SCHOEMAN: "Well, I think it's a tremendous break-through to think that we won't be ... we can't be boycotted in the future to produce food for South Africa. The crop, last year's crop, was four hundred and fifty ... four hundred and seventy thousand tons of sunflower. That is two hundred and fifty million litres of sunflower oil. And we can increase the crop in South Africa tremendously. And I feel that the price of fifty ... cents a litre at the moment is not so economical compared to what the price of diesel fuel to the farmer is now at thirty-eight cents. But the price increases in the future, and the possibility of not getting any oil, I think it's a tremendous break-through. And I'm very optimistic that we in South Africa will be able to keep on feeding our people in spite of boycotts, and all the other stories."
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: South Africa has embarked on a sweeping programme to develop substitute fuels to help overcome its fuel crisis. One area of research entails using sunflower oil in farmers' tractors, as an alternative to diesel. Agriculture Minister, Hendrik Schoeman, predicted in Pretoria on Monday (23 July) that sunflower oil could soon provide thousands of litres of fuel.
SYNOPSIS: For the past year, scientists have been carrying out intensive research in the use of sunflower oil as tractor fuel in places such as this laboratory in Pretoria. The Division of Agricultural Engineering has shown that tractors can run on pure sunflower oil without modifications, and with little or no loss of efficiency. Compared with diesel, consumption is about nine percent higher. The oil could be used in locomotives, diesel trucks and slightly-modified cars.
Mr. Schoeman drove a tractors himself to find out how efficient the sunflower oil was. The agriculture industry now uses almost twenty-five percent of South Africa's diesel supply. Whilee tests have been successful, more research is needed before this and alternative fuels come into use. Mr Schoeman said if each farmer allocated one tenth of his maize land for fuel, he would produce enough fuel to cultivate the rest of his land.
Test tractors have run on pure sunflower oil with only minor adjustments to the fuel pump, and the population of exhaust fumes is much lower than with diesel fuel. Mr Schoeman spelled out the advantages for south Africa, which is starved for fuel, and anxious for the future.