Rebels who surrendered to Chadian and French Forces have been shown to foreign newsmen at the military camp in Mangalmo, Control Chad, where their rebellion began in 1965.
SCU sign Mangalme
CU Chad and French flags
CU Sign Camp Militaire
LV rebels lined up inside camp
MV rebels in line
CU rebels (2 shots)
MCU rebels standing by hut (2 shots)
CU rebels wearing pouches
CU back of rebel showing knife carried under arm
MLV Sub-prefect in front of rebels
CU Sub-prefect PAN to rebels
LV rebels standing on parade ground
CU sign Parti-Progressiste Tchadien
MV rebels seated at table
SC speaker addressing rebels
CU rebel speaking
MV rebels seated at table
MV newsmen PAN to rebels.
MANGALME MILITARY CAMP: REBELS LINED UP IN CAMP: SHOTS SHOWING REBEL'S EQUIPMENT: SUB-PREFECT: REBELS PARADE GROUND: REBEL LEADERS GIVING PRESS CONFERENCE.
Initials GL/BHH/PS/1409 GL/BHH/PS/1435
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Background: Rebels who surrendered to Chadian and French Forces have been shown to foreign newsmen at the military camp in Mangalmo, Control Chad, where their rebellion began in 1965. About 40 guerrilla tribesmen gave themselves up recently in response to peace feelers put out by the Government at Fort Lamy, and their leaders were taken to the capital where they gave a press conference.
The former rebels belong to a group largely composed of Moubi tribesmen who have been in conflict with the Government for six years. The Moubi rebellion is quite distinct from the more serious rebellion among the Muslim Toubou people of the Chadian far north.
The people of Mangalme are largely nomadic, though some 35,000 live in sprawling area of huts and compounds surrounding the former French Foreign Legion camp, reoccupied by legionaries during the present fighting.
Trouble began when local sub-prefects (Government officials) began taxing the nomads each time they arrived at an oasis. At the some time, a Government addict came into force aimed at making the nomads change their way of life and grow cotton. The scheme was intended to be subsidised but owing to "maladministration" the subsidy funds never reached the new farmers.
Unlike the northern insurgents, the Moubi were poorly armed, mainly with ancient rifles and barbed spears. They formed small guerrilla bands which the French legionary troops (some of the 2,200 French troops in Chad) had difficulty in finding in the barren countryside.
At the same time, the area suffered economically - no market has been held at Mongalme since 1968 -- and recently peace feelers wore put out by the Government. The rebels were told that all their grievances would be considered: wells would be dug, head-taxes would be abolished, and the people would not be obliged to grow cotton.
The immediate result was the surrender of this guerrilla bend and an official ceasefire -- the first in a rebel area of the country.