Leaders of non-aligned countries began arriving in Lusaka on Saturday (September 5) to attend their summit meeting.
Leaders of non-aligned countries began arriving in Lusaka on Saturday (September 5) to attend their summit meeting. The talks are aimed at reaching an agreement on the future role of a "Third World" independent of the major power blocs. More than a dozen Heads of State as well as top Ministers from over 50 nations are expected to attend this, the third and largest non-aligned summit meeting which begins on Tuesday (September 8).
The main consideration of the meeting is to consider how the individual independence of nations can be translated into collective independence, aimed at preventing smaller nations from being sucked into the big power blocs.
The view of some non-aligned leaders is that many countries which have won political independence are still without real economic independence. It is anticipated that the summit will consider how to bridge the economic gap between the rich and poor nations.
But the topic expected to dominate the conference is the question of white minority rule in Sough Africa. Political observers expect that a decision on some form of concrete action--political or economic--will be made in an attempt to force South Africa to change its apartheid policies.
Arms sales to South Africa is also on the agenda for discussion. Britain has announced that it is considering resuming sales of limited types of arms to South Africa.
At summit meeting of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in Addis Ababa. Ethiopia last week, britain, France and West Germany were condemned for supplying or intending to supply arms to South Africa.
Some of the Heads of State present at the OAU will be attending the Lusaka conference. They include Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, and Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia.
Among the impressive list of leaders who will be present is one of the founders of non-alignment, President Tito of Yugoslavia. It was he who organised the first non-aligned summit in Belgrade in 1961.
In the six years since the last non-aligned summit several new national leaders have emerged. Among them are Indian Premier Mrs. Indira Gandhi and Tun Abdul Razak, Malaysia's Deputy prime Minister, who is shortly to become head of Government later this month on the retirement of Tunku Abdul Rahman.
Although the Summit is unofficially reported to be costing Zambia over eight-and-a-half millions sterling, it is felt that it will give Lusaka invaluable status as an international conference centre.