• Short Summary

    THE CITY OF STALINGRAD - THE CROWNING SYMBOL OF RUSSIAN RESISTANCE TO THE GERMAN ARMY IN WORLD WAR TWO - HAS BEEN RENAMED VOLGOGRAD ACCORDING TO "PRAVDA" THE SOVIET COMMUNIST PARTY NEWSPAPER ON NOVEMBER 11.

  • Description

    THE CITY OF STALINGRAD - THE CROWNING SYMBOL OF RUSSIAN RESISTANCE TO THE GERMAN ARMY IN WORLD WAR TWO - HAS BEEN RENAMED VOLGOGRAD ACCORDING TO "PRAVDA" THE SOVIET COMMUNIST PARTY NEWSPAPER ON NOVEMBER 11. SINCE THE BODY OF STALIN WAS REMOVED FROM THE LENIN TOMB IN RED SQUARE, THE CITY ON THE VOLGA RIVER WHERE THE GERMAN TIDE WAS STEMMED HAS BEEN THE CHIEF MONUMENT LEFT TO THE LATE DICTATOR.

    IT USED TO BE CALLED TSARITSYN UNTIL ITS NAME WAS CHANGED TO STALINGRAD TO COMMEMORATE THE FACT THAT STALIN HELD THE CITY DURING THE 1917-1918 REVOLUTION.

    WORLD WAR TWO FILM SHOWS PART OF THE FIERCE BATTLE FOR THE CITY IN THE SUMMER OF 1942. FOR THE FINAL ONSLAUGHT AGAINST STALINGRAD THE GERMANS MASSED AN ESTIMATED 40 DIVISIONS, STRONGLY BACKED BY TANKS AND A POWERFUL AIR FORCE. THE RUSSIANS DECIDED TO MAKE A STAND, DEPENDING ON THEIR GREAT QUANTITY OF HEAVY ARTILLERY TO BEAT BACK THE INVADERS. THE GERMAN OFFENSIVE OPENED IN MID-AUGUST AGAINST THE OUTER DEFENCES. SHEER WEIGHT OF NUMBERS FINALLY ENABLED THE GERMANS TO CONQUER SEVERAL DISTRICTS ON 80TH THE NORTH AND SOUTH SIDES OF THE CITY. BUT THE DEFENDERS, FIGHTING WITH UNPRECEDENTED STUBBORNNESS, STOPPED THE GERMANS BY THE END OF OCTOBER. LESS THAN A MONTH LATER THE RUSSIAN ARMY LAUNCHED A GREAT WINTER COUNTER-OFFENSIVE, BREAKING THROUGH IN MANY POINTS AND BY FEBRUARY 2, 1943, THEY HAD EITHER KILLED OR CAPTURED THE ENTIRE GERMAN GARRISON OF 330,000 MEN TRAPPED IN THE STALINGRAD AREA. AND AFTER THE BATTLE A NAME OF HONOUR WAS ADDED TO STALINGRAD - "CITY OF HEROES".

    NINETEEN YEARS AFTER THE START OF THE BATTLE FILM SHOWS THE SEPTEMBER 10, 1961, CEREMONY THAT TOOK PLACE IN THE REBUILT CITY OF STALINGRAD - THE OPENING OF A 2,500,000 KILOWATT HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER STATION, CLAIMED TO BE THE BIGGEST IN THE WORLD. AND PERFORMING THE TRADITIONAL TAPE CUTTING CEREMONY WAS SOVIET PRIME MINISTER, NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV, THE MAN WHO LED THE RENEWED DENUNCIATION OF JOSEPH STALIN.

    TWO OTHER CITIES ALREADY AFFECTED BY "DE-STALINISATION" ARE STALINSK, IN SOUTHERN SIBERIA, AND STALINO, IN THE UKRAINE. STALINSK IS NOW NOVOKUZNETSK AND STALINO IS DONESTSK.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA8PBHIU2HEGGKMFLOJYMI8DRLT
    Media URN:
    VLVA8PBHIU2HEGGKMFLOJYMI8DRLT
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    11/11/1961
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:01:20:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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