• Short Summary

    The problem facing Britain in absorbing fifth thousand Asians now facing expulsion from Uganda had its parallel 15 years ago when The Netherlands had to accept about forty thousand Dutch nationals ordered to leave Indonesia.

  • Description

    The problem facing Britain in absorbing fifth thousand Asians now facing expulsion from Uganda had its parallel 15 years ago when The Netherlands had to accept about forty thousand Dutch nationals ordered to leave Indonesia.

    The circumstances are strikingly similar. In both cases, a large number of Asians who had spent all their lives in one country were ordered to leave at short notice because it was claimed they were damaging the economy.

    In the light of Britain's efforts to lessen the effects of a mass migration of Asian Ugandans, this Visnews production uses library film to illustrate how the Dutch Government coped with the problem.

    On December 5, 1957. the Indonesian Government of the late President Sukarno announced that fifty thousand Dutch nationals were to be expelled. Ostensibly, the reason was the dispute between Indonesia and The Netherlands over the status of Dutch New Guinea, now West Irian. But the Indonesian Government also claimed that the Dutch nationals -- who owned 70 per cent of the estates and private enterprises in Indonesia -- were causing inflation and high unemployment.

    In the twenty days following the order, ten thousand people, mainly women and children, left Indonesia for Holland. In the following even months about forty thousand people were transported to The Netherlands in ships and aircraft provided by the Dutch Government
    Thirty thousand of them were Eurasians of mixed parentage or Asians with Dutch nationality. Most had lived in tropical Indonesia all their lives and when the first arrivals landed in Holland in the bleak winter weather of January 1958, they faced life in a strange society.

    The Dutch Government immediately began a programme with the help of voluntary organisations to absorb the Asians economically and socially into the dutch community. They key was to disperse the migrant families across the Netherlands to prevent ghettos from forming.

    The Dutch Asians arriving in 1958 joined 84,000 others who had moved to The netherlands in the previous two years, anticipating the order to leave and an earlier group of 90,000 who shifted to The Netherlands when Indonesia gained independence in 1949. The last influx was in 1963, when 15,000 Dutch national left west Irian. In all, there are about 300,000 indigenous from former Dutch colonies living in The Netherlands.

    They have been successfully integrated into Dutch society - except for several thousand Amboinese who fled to Holland after an unsuccessful attempt to set up a republic on the island of Ambon in the South Moluccas group. This group has maintained its identity and its leaders still harbour thoughts of returning to Ambon.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA8P77AGLEWGXJIJL36PDZNUN5X
    Media URN:
    VLVA8P77AGLEWGXJIJL36PDZNUN5X
    Group:
    Reuters - Incuding Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    17/08/1972
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:03:10:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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