The Nuclear Non-proliferation treaty of 1968 was aimed at slowing down the spread of nuclear weaponry across the world by putting restrictions on the supply and manufactures of fissionable material.
MV's Delegates from Britain, United States, Soviet Union signing treaty. (6 SHOTS)
MV Japanese signing treaty. (3 SHOTS)
MV Brazil's President Geisel in Bonn. (5 SHOTS)
MV President Carter's speech at the United Nations.
GV's Israeli nuclear laboratory. (6 SHOTS)
MV Pierre Trudeau at the United Nations. (from 81 feet voice over shots of aircraft.
GV Atom bomb exploding. (9 SHOTS)
TRANSCRIPT: SEQ. 4: CARTER:"Before the end of this century, a score of nations could possess nuclear weapons. If this should happen, the world that we leave our children will mock our own hopes for peace. I hereby solemnly declare on behalf of the United States that well not use nuclear weapons except in self defence."
SEQ. 6: TRUDEAU: "Canada takes its place in a world discussion on disarmament as an industrial country, geographically placed between two heavily armed superpowers with an obvious stake in the prevention of war in a nuclear age. We are a member of a regional defensive alliance that includes three of the five nuclear weapon states. We are nonetheless a country which has renounced the production of nuclear weapons. We have withdrawn from any nuclear role by Canada'"s armed forces in Europe and are now in the process of replacing with conventional armed aircraft, the nuclear planes still assigned to our fores in North America. We are thus not only the first country in the world with the capacity to produce nuclear weapons that chose not to do so. We are also the first clear armed country that choice to divest itself of nuclear weapons."
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Background: The Nuclear Non-proliferation treaty of 1968 was aimed at slowing down the spread of nuclear weaponry across the world by putting restrictions on the supply and manufactures of fissionable material. It has been signed by three major nuclear powers and 95 other nations. But the number of countries with a nuclear capability is unknown and there appears little let-up in the race to acquire it.
SYNOPSIS: The treaty was signed in London, Washington and Moscow on July 1,1968. A landmark had been reached in the Nuclear Age. Or so it seemed. Now the nations who signed are spending more on armaments than ever and there are still tens of thousands of nuclear weapons in the world's arsenals. Furthermore, two of the major nuclear powers, France and China, never signed the treaty.
Japan - the only nation on earth to suffer atomic bombing - only signed under severe American pressure. Washington threatened to withhold supplies of nuclear fuel for Japanese power stations unless it joined in the pact.
The other leading industrial nation - West Germany - also signed the treaty. A decade later, there was a fierce political storm over the supply of nuclear fuel to Brazil, signed when Brazil's President Geisel visited Bonn earlier this year. The United States position was powerfully reinforced at the United Nations by President Carter.
But despite Carter's commitment to the non-use of weapons, research into their manufacture goes on in some sensitive corners of the world. Israel, is thought to be at least on the brink of nuclear capability. India, Pakistan and South Africa are also thought to possess sufficient know-how to acquire such weapons. Only one nation, Canada, has entirely forsaken their use - as Prime Minister Peirre Trudeau told the United Nations earlier this year.