• Short Summary

    Enver Hoxha, effective leader of Albanian the world's only remaining Stalinist state, celebrates his 70th birthday on October 16, in a year which has seen Albania sever the final links with one-time ally, China.

  • Description

    Enver Hoxha, effective leader of Albanian the world's only remaining Stalinist state, celebrates his 70th birthday on October 16, in a year which has seen Albania sever the final links with one-time ally, China.

    SYNOPSIS: Close ties with China lasted for eighteen years. In 1966, Hoxha's warm embrace with Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai, on a visit to Albania, summed up the relationship between the countries. Now, they are separated by ideological differences, and former ties cut.

    Albania, having relied successively on neighbour Yugoslavia, the Soviet Union and China for economic survival, stands in total isolation to world Communism. Albania's successive breaking with the three countries, over more than thirty years, shows the vehemence with which Mr. Hoxha has pursued his central them in Albanian politics -- that ideological purism overrules economic arguments.

    It is a policy that has resulted in bitter political confrontations among the Albanian leadership. mr. Hoxha, known for his abrupt way of dealing with political opponents, has seen them removed from office in a series of purges. Since 1974, most of Albania's senior technocrats, the country's entire military leadership, and half the Communist Party Central Committee, have been replaced.

    Mr. Hoxha's unwillingness to deviate from the principles he began in the late 1940's has left albania without a single political ally. Yet, the strategic importance of the small Balkan state, bordering the Adriatic, maintains the attention of both the West and Soviet Union. And with an economic potential to be harnessed, it seems that Mr. Hoxha will be forced to seek economic ties at least.

    He hinted, in a recent speech, that Albania was willing to have friendly relations with neighbouring countries, regardless of their political systems. It seems unlikely, though, that this political veteran of the Communist world could compromise his strict outlook more than he deems absolutely necessary. Since founding Albania's communist Party thirty-seven years ago, he has been the pivot of the country's political attitudes. Through those years, he has survived the in-fighting to remain leader of the powerful Party of Labour -- a post he is unlikely to lose in his seventieth year.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA8NPRB69G0QV4JXXW5S63OXC2Z
    Media URN:
    VLVA8NPRB69G0QV4JXXW5S63OXC2Z
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    11/10/1978
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:02:06:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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