• Short Summary

    By 1939, man had driven the koala almost to extinction.

    The advance of civilisation brought marauding?

  • Description

    CS Koala climbing in tree
    11 ft

    Gv bushfire through bush
    14 ft

    another scene running bush
    16 1/2 ft

    tilt up flaming trees
    19 ft

    ground shot scrub
    20 1/2 ft

    camper with fire alight see koala 23
    25 1/2 ft

    another poster cigarette with koala that starts fire
    27 1/2 ft

    sign in cage this home of smoke the koala
    30 ft

    smokey in trunk in cage
    34 ft

    cs smokey
    36 1/2 ft

    cs sketch of smokey
    40 ft

    ms girl sketching
    42 1/2 ft

    mcs koala munching leaves
    46 1/2 ft

    cs sketching claws
    48 1/2 ft

    cs bird who's sketching
    50 ft

    mls smokey climbs from perch
    55 1/2 ft

    map of original koala pop mid dissolve 58 1/2 the verge of extinction dissolve 62 1/2 to koala preservation 45 to 63
    65 1/2 ft

    cs koala in tree baby playing
    74 ft

    baby chases mother on her back 77
    80 1/2 ft

    mls mother and bub on tree
    82 ft

    cs koala
    83 ft

    another koala
    84 1/2 ft

    baby crawls over mother's hand
    87 ft

    ms koala on limb
    89 1/2 ft

    pan over trees
    94 ft

    ms koala in eaten tree
    95 ft

    two shots bare limbs
    98 ft

    mls jeep and trailer with leaves
    104 1/2 ft

    koala in tree watching
    106 ft

    man throws branches into compound
    109 1/2 ft

    man takes branches
    114 1/2 ft

    mls but leaves into racks around tree tilt up tree
    125 1/2 ft

    cs koala in tree
    131 ft

    koala rushes over branches
    135 ft

    ms man after koala
    137 ft

    hand mauling koala
    144 ft

    ca man waits
    146 ft

    koala on ladder
    154 ft

    cs koala on limb
    155 1/2 ft

    man lifts koala off ladder
    161 ft

    gv trees
    162 1/2 ft

    Halstrom feeding muck to koala
    165 ft

    cs shoving it down koala's beck
    169 ft

    cs halstrom
    171 ft

    another feeding koala fights
    174 1/2 ft

    mls man puts koala in box second koala into box 178 pick up 183 1/2 walk out of frame
    185 ft

    to opening box to pull out koala that hangs on
    191 1/2

    man puts koala on tree
    193 1/2 ft

    anr man takes koala tree on 202 koala climbs off
    213 1/2 ft

    ca strom
    216 ft

    koala climbs tree to mate 223
    225 ft

    pan over leaves cs
    227 ft

    koala eats leaf
    234 1/2 ft


    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: By 1939, man had driven the koala almost to extinction.

    The advance of civilisation brought marauding foxes and wild cats - and it brought bushfires.

    The koala is an easy victim to the flames - he moves too slowly.

    The prevention of bushfires has become the role of the koala in two states of Australia today - New South Wales and South Australia.

    Smokey has appeared on television, and at shows. He appears on posters and leaflets. Preparations are already under way for the campaign this summer. Working on the poster sketch is Miss Margaret Davies, an artist with the Department of Agriculture.

    That there are koalas to sketch today is a qualified tribute to the public conscience that was stirred to action, if belatedly. The story of the fluctuating koala population is simple. Even sixty years ago, their numbers were considerable.

    By 1939 the numbers had shrunk from several millions to a few thousand. Extinction seemed inevitable, until the Preservation Scheme can into operation.

    The koala is now given a fighting chance of survival. There are still many problems. The koala is a slow breeder, usually breeding in alternate years. In its natural state, there are few that will reach middle age, let alone old age.

    He is extremely susceptible to disease.

    A further problem is diet; the food range is restricted to about a dozen eucalypts.

    Each animal eats two and a half pounds of gum leaves every day. At Sir Edward Hallstrom's Reserve at Mona Vale in Sydney, supplementary feeding is used to provide a full and proper diet.

    By providing the type of leaves the animals prefer the breeder ensures the safety of the koala. In its natural state, a koala will, if necessary, eat leaves outside its normal range.

    The result is often fatal.

    Most of the koalas for the re-stocking and establishment reserves in New South Wales are bred here at Mona Vale. Its a centre, too, for studying the life and habits of the koala.

    By nature, the koala is an inoffensive solitary; but he does resent interference.

    They had to catch one female, and a male. It was an operation demanding luck as well as skill.

    Every koala on the reserve is regularly checked to ensure it is in good condition. Sir Edward Halstrom himself keeps a close watch on the animal's health.

    Sir Edward has been prominent in the fight to save the koala.

    Two koalas were being transferred to a new home on a reserve being developed at Cowan just north of Sydney.

    A male and a female made the trip.

    They will be guarded in their new home by the New South Wales Bauna Protection Board. A close watch must be kept on the New South Wales and Queensland Koala as they are more susceptible to disease than their Victorian counterpart, and are less numerous.

    The koala population is slowly mounting. According to men like Mr. Strom, Chief Guardian of Fauna, the worst of the crisis is over.

    And more eucalypts are being planted continually to help keep Australia's koala alive.

    Each animal eats two and a half pounds of gum leaves every day. At Sir Edward Hallstrom's Reserve at Mona Vale in Sydney, supplementary feeding is used to provide a full and proper diet.

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    Reuters - Source to be Verified
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