Rather than pay the two-hundred dollar fines imposed May 26 on "breach of the peace" charges, nineteen anti-segregation "Freedom Riders" chose to work out their sentence on the County Prison Farm at Jackson, Mississippi, U.
JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI, USA (MAY 29, 1961) (REUTERS)
Sign "Hinds County Penal Farm"
Lorry approaches entrance
Two prisoners white and coloured, sit on steps
Prisoners work on road project
Prisoners pick up shovels
Prisoners being marched away
Background: Rather than pay the two-hundred dollar fines imposed May 26 on "breach of the peace" charges, nineteen anti-segregation "Freedom Riders" chose to work out their sentence on the County Prison Farm at Jackson, Mississippi, U.S.A. On arrival at the Farm May 29, they exchanged their normal clothing for the black-and-white striped prison garb and were put to work.
They were sentenced to sixty-seven days on the Farm, which houses twenty-five Whites and more than one hundred Negroes in segregated cells. Physically fit prisoners work on roads, bridges, and crops on the seventy-acres Farm. The unfit tend animals, and women prisoners work in the kitchen and hospital.
In a surprise move late the following day, the nineteen "Freedom Riders" were moved from the Farm back to the County Prison. The County Sheriff said other prisoners protested at their presence on the farms, and refused to associate with them. The move followed hard on the heels of the reported beating of the Reverend C. kT. Vivian, 36-year old Negro "Freedom Rider" by a Prison Farm guard. State Governor Barnett launched an investigation into the incident and Federal Bureau of Investigation agents questioned the Farm Director and others.
In their attempts to break inter-state transportation segregation restrictions on buses and in terminal rest-room facilities, Negro and White "Freedom Riders" have been concentrating, their campaign recently on Jackson in America's South. Even as the nineteen arrived at the County Prison Farm, nine others were arrested at the bus terminal as they refused to leave the "Whites Only" rest room, and yet another bus-load was reported on its way in.