VARIOUS AND MASERU, LESOTHO
Five European foreign ministers attended the Southern African Development Co-ordination Conference (SADCC) meeting in Maseru over January 27-28 to discuss investment possibilities for Lesotho.
VARIOUS AND MASERU, LESOTHO
1. GV PAN Maseru, capital of Lesotho 0.05
2. GVs Shopping centre in Maseru with Barclays Bank, cars in street (4 shots) 0.33
3. GVs & SVs INTERIOR Blacks and whites shopping at the supermarkets, queueing at cash register (5 shots) 0.54
4. CU PULL BACK TO GV Scenes around the petrol station, cars arriving, station attendants (5 shots) 1.07
5. GVs Farming land in Lesotho with women working in the fields (4 shots) 1.24
6. GVs & SVs Men and women queueing outside a South African mining company's recruiting office in Maseru (5 shots) 1.40
7. SV Worker being recruited and signing documents with his fingerprint (2 shots) 1.53
8. GV PAN & SV Lesotho-South African border post with a busload of workers just returned from employment in the South African mines (2 shots) 2.06
9. GV & SV Whites and blacks swim and drink together at Holiday Inn, Maseru (4 shots) 2.18
10. SVs Whites and blacks gambling at the casino in Maseru using South African money (4 shots) 2.35
11. SV PAN Maseru houses damaged during South African raids (4 shots) 2.49
12. GV PAN & SVs Graves of African National Congress supporters killed by South African forces during raid on December 1982 in which 42 people died (3 shots) 3.09
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: VARIOUS AND MASERU, LESOTHO
Five European foreign ministers attended the Southern African Development Co-ordination Conference (SADCC) meeting in Maseru over January 27-28 to discuss investment possibilities for Lesotho. They were joined by more than 30 governments and 18 international agencies, including leaders from the nine SADCC countries -- Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi and the host nation. The aim of the SADCC is to lesson its member's economic dependence on South African and already the nine countries have raised 900 million dollars for projects of their own.
This is Maseru, the capital of Lesotho and venue for the summit. About 45,000 people live here. It is the centre of commerce with many facilities to cater for local residents and the farming community who travel in from nearby rural areas.
But the economic climate is not good. Poor soil means Lesotho must import 40 per cent of its food. The major export is wool from mountain sheep, and although diamonds are being mined, it is by South African companies. Lesotho has no shortage of experienced mine labour. However, about 100,000 workers seek jobs in South Africa's mines each year, crossing the border to earn a living in the same country from which their government is trying to establish economic independence.
There is tourism, but mainly from the South Africans who come to Maseru to escape the restrictions of apartheid and for the gambling which is illegal in their homelands.
The shadow of South Africa hangs over the small British Commonwealth member in more than one way. On the evening of December 8 last year (1982) South African commandos carried out a devastating raid on Maseru, blasting the city with rockets and machine-gun fire. Their target was the headquarters of the African National Congress (ANC), a black-liberation organisation. Forty-two people died in the attack, which stirred anti-South African feelings and brought a sharp rebuke from the United Nations. Just hours before the SADCC meeting, guerrillas said to be backed by the Pretoria government attacked a Lesotho development project, damaging water storage tanks and a pump house. Prime Minister Leabua Jonathan described the incident as part of South Africa's campaign to destabilise its black neighbours and keep them economically backward.
Source: REUTERS - LOUIS BREYTENBACH