NORTHERN RHODESIAN OF ALL RACES BEGAN GOING TO THE POLLS TODAY (MONDAY) FOR THEIR FIRST "ONE MAN, ONE VOTE" GENERAL ELECTION, MARKING THE LAST-BUT-ONE STAGE IN THE TRANSFER OF POWER TO THE TERRITORY'S AFRICAN MAJORITY.
ROLL NUMBER I.
Government Information Vans preparing to go into the rural areas with Election Films..african cleans the film projector. The film is against the background of the election calypso a sound recording of which is enclosed, also a copy of the words.
Lorry carry on prefabricated election booths arrives at an election centre off loaded by District Messangers and erected by african carpenter. Shot of UNIP election poster being nailed to a tree.
ROLL NUMBER II.
UNIP has the past brooked no competition.. and of the most often attacked has been ANC candidate for Ndola West DANIEL SIMOLKA.
Simolka (left) shows his brother the most recent attack upon his property, during the previous night while he was away in the Lusaka UNIP youths smeared the walls of his house with Vote UNIP slogans. His house has been damaged 15 times in the past 2 months and damage has been estimated at GBP375. Shots of broken windows. The most recent attack was the stoning of his new vannette.
Shows the damaged car taken in the precincts of the Ndola Magistrates court where the vehicle was being exhibited in the court case against the perpetrators.
Ballot boxes being labelled in the electoral offices at the Ndola DC's office. The european is a District in charge ALAN EVANS.
The ballot boxes being loaded onto a landrover for distribution to the various polling stations.
ROLL NUMBER III.
Poster reading 'Vote Moffatt', Sir John Moffatt, one time leader of the Liberal Party recently threw in his lot with UNIP and now stand on the Reserved Roll for Ndola West.
Sir John talks with Sikota Wina (mooted to be the future Minister for Information) in the gardens of a local Hotel
VOTE BURNEY poster.. note that the NPP Posters are hung high on street posts.. all the first posters were torn down by UNIP supporters. Burney is contesting the seat against Sir Moffatt. Burney is Chairman of the National Progress Party.
Burney with his family in his luxurious home in Ndola.
UNIP Election poster being put up.
Entrance to Ndola Barracks...this was taken when I thought I could get film of the now multi-racial army standing by..permission was refused to take any film.
African constables of the NR police prepare to go on patrol into the african townships..patrolling will be stepped up over the election period. First shot is an establishing shot. Constables on parade.
ROLL NUMBER IV.
On police patrol in the location:
UNIP slogans painted on houses .. most houses carry these or similar slogans.
European police inspector radios back to base that all is quite.
UNIP offices in the location .. One only sees UNIP offices these days. ANC offices all closed down.
police cars on patrol
African constables on patrol.. these constables have frequently been attacked in the past.
UNIP slogans on road sign.
UNIP slogans on houses.
C/U african child.
Regular police officers both black and white being briefed by Chief Insp. Chesshire on Election precautions and behaviour
African reservists being similarly briefed by Inspector Paddy Allen.
ROLL NUMBER V
There is and alarming amount of unemployed in NR and this has been said to be the main contributory cause of all the violence and unrest. Africans outside the Labour Exchange while away the time by playing SOLO a game with stones in grooves made in the ground.
Groups scanning the newspaper while they wait for Independence and a job
kenneth Kaunda address a press conference hurriedly called in Brokenhill.
Kenneth Kaunda interviewed by TV team.
Kaunda leaves the hotel after the press conference..this his last appearance before the elections, a large crowd saw him off in his car.
Group consisting of Maundia. Director of Elections for UNIP in centre of two local politicians.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: NORTHERN RHODESIAN OF ALL RACES BEGAN GOING TO THE POLLS TODAY (MONDAY) FOR THEIR FIRST "ONE MAN, ONE VOTE" GENERAL ELECTION, MARKING THE LAST-BUT-ONE STAGE IN THE TRANSFER OF POWER TO THE TERRITORY'S AFRICAN MAJORITY.
FILMS SHOWS PREPARATIONS FOR THE ELECTION BY CIVIL AUTHORITIES. INCLUDING THE CALL-UP OF POLICE RESERVES, AND ELECTIONEERING BY SUPPORTERS OF THE THREE POLITICAL PARTIES CONTESTING THE 75 SEATS IN THE SINGLE CHAMBER LEGISLATURE.
THE COPPER-RICH TERRITORY WAS PART OF THE CENTRAL AFRICAN FEDERATION WHICH CAME TO AN END ON NEW YEAR'S EVE. NOW UNDER A NEW CONSTITUTION, NORTHERN RHODESIA HAS BEEN GRANTED INTERNAL SELF-RULE, WHICH BECOMES EFFECTIVE AS SOON AS A NEW GOVERNMENT IS FORMED.
THERE ARE THREE PARTIES FIGHTING THE ELECTION, BUT IT APPEARS CERTAIN THE MR. KENNETH KAUNDA'S UNITED NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE PARTY, (UNIP), WILL BE RETURNED WITH A DECISIVE MAJORITY. IT HAS ALREADY CAPTURED 24 OF THE 75 SEATS WITHOUT OPPOSITION.
THE ONLY TRIAL OF STRENGTH WILL BE IN VOTING ON THE RESERVED ROLL WHICH HAS 24 THOUSAND WHITES, AND A SMALL NUMBER OF ASIANS AND PEOPLE OF MIXED COLOUR ON THE LISTS. THE UNIP IS EXPECTED TO MEET STIFF OPPOSITION FROM THE UNITED PROGRESS PARTY, AN ALL WHITE GROUP LED BY MR. JOHN ROBERTS, A BRITISH-BORN FARMER.
MR KAUNDA'S UNIP PARTY HAS BEEN THE MAJOR PARTNERS FOR THE PAST YEAR IN AN AFRICAN COALITION GOVERNMENT WITH THE AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS. THIS CONSISTED OF SIX WHITE AND FOUR AFRICAN MINISTERS. HOWEVER, THE NEW GOVERNMENT TO BE FORMED ON WEDNESDAY, (JANUARY 22), WILL HAVE A PRIME MINISTER AND 13 CABINET MINISTERS, ALL OF WHOM ARE EXPECTED TO BE AFRICANS.
IT IS EXPECTED THAT THE NEW GOVERNMENT WILL IMMEDIATELY START NEGOTIATING WITH BRITAIN TO FIX A DATE FOR FULL INDEPENDENCE, WHICH IS EXPECTED SOMETIME BETWEEN JULY AND SEPTEMBER. IT IS THOUGH THAT AFTER INDEPENDENCE NORTHERN RHODESIA WILL BECOME THE REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA.