• Short Summary

    When independence comes to the Belgian Congo, June 30, the new government - composed of Africans with limited administrative experience - will attempt the difficult task of controlling remote tribes almost devoid of political sense, with no concept of the workings of a modern state.

  • Description

    1.
    GV. PAN. Mushenge Village.
    0.10

    2.
    LV. Entrance to King Lukengu domain.
    0.13

    3.
    SV. Entrance with statue of figure.
    0.16

    4.
    SCU. Of statue.
    0.18

    5.
    CU. Ditto.
    0.21

    6.
    PAN FROM INT. Of King's domain to hut.
    0.33

    7.
    SV. INT. King seated with others.
    0.37

    8.
    CU. King.
    0.41

    9.
    SV. Ditto.
    0.45

    10.
    LV. Native woman with baby.
    0.52

    11.
    CU. Of baby.
    0.54

    12.
    SV. Woman with baby.
    0.55

    13.
    SV. Two men at entrance to hut, arguing, and passing pipe.
    0.58

    14.
    CU. PAN. Ditto.
    1.07

    15.
    GV. Of village near Luisa where Asala Mpasu tribe dwell.
    1.10

    16.
    SV. Native dwelling.
    1.12

    17.
    LV. Native women towards along lane.
    1.16

    18.
    GV. PAN. Of poultry farm.
    1.24

    19.
    NEARER V. Poultry farm.
    1.27

    20.
    CU. Girl worker on farm.
    1.30

    21.
    SV. PAN. Poultry being fed.
    1.35

    22.
    GV. Ploughing in progress.
    1.37

    23.
    LV. Native dwelling being re-thatched and trimmed.
    1.40

    24.
    SV. PAN. Ditto.
    1.50

    25.
    ANGLE SHOT. Native worker up tree.
    1.54

    26.
    CU. Ditto.
    1.56

    27.
    SV. Group of villagers seated, one smoking large pipe.
    2.00

    28.
    SV. Large pipe being smoked.
    2.03

    29.
    CU. Ditto.
    2.06

    30.
    LV. PAN. Ulunga village in jungle.
    2.12

    31.
    SV. Native woman smokes pipe.
    2.16

    32.
    SV. Native dwelling.
    2.19

    33.
    SV. PAN. Of villagers standing around, and some seated in group.
    2.26

    34.
    CU. Native woman smokes pipe.
    2.30

    35.
    SV. Ditto PAN to others.
    2.33

    36.
    CU. Native girl.
    2.36

    37.
    SV. Old native woman.
    2.39

    28.
    SV. Large drums being played.
    2.41

    39.
    SV. Dancer warrior wearing mask etc.
    2.44

    40.
    LV. Villagers look on.
    2.47

    41.
    SV. Group of dancers perform.
    2.54

    42.
    GV. Another dancer warrior performs.
    2.59

    43.
    SV. Same dancer performs.
    3.06

    44.
    SV. PAN. Villagers clap in rhythm.
    3.11

    45.
    SCU. Another dance warrior performs.
    3.15

    46.
    LV. Goat being slaughtered.
    3.19

    47.
    SV. Natives seated look on.
    3.22

    48.
    CU. Native type drinks.
    3.26

    49.
    GV. PAN. Babunda tribe assembling in field, dancers in BG.
    3.34

    50.
    SV. Villagers look on (youngsters).
    3.37

    51.
    SCU. Village chief dancing.
    3.40

    52.
    LV. Chief and others dancing.
    3.46

    53.
    SV. Native musicians.
    3.50

    54.
    SV. Chief and others dancing.
    3.53

    55.
    SV. Youngsters dancing.
    3.57

    56.
    CU. Native woman (hair-style).
    4.00

    57.
    SV. Native woman runs away.
    4.04

    58.
    LV. Chief and others dancing.
    4.08

    59.
    CU. Chief dancing.
    4.11

    60.
    SV. Ditto.
    4.14

    61.
    GV. Dense vegetation near Rutten Falls.
    4.16

    62.
    LV. Ditto.
    4.19

    63.
    LV. PAN. Of Rutten Falls.
    4.25

    64.
    SCU. PAN. Down ...ditto.
    4.30

    65.
    LV. PAN. Of Rutten Falls.
    4.41



    Initials LSW/S/PB AHS/CW



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: When independence comes to the Belgian Congo, June 30, the new government - composed of Africans with limited administrative experience - will attempt the difficult task of controlling remote tribes almost devoid of political sense, with no concept of the workings of a modern state. Parties have been formed, and coalitions have developed, but these reflect tribal rivalries and affiliations, rather than genuine political ideologies or programmes, as the modern world understands those terms.

    North-west of Luluabourg in Kasai Province - where Lulua and Baluba tribesmen have fought each other intermittently for months - lies the country of the Balubas. The King of the Mushenge village Bakubas, Lukengu, will probably lead his people against the Balubas - traditional enemies - when Belgian administration ends; this will be the final flourish of a once great warrior-people who expect the urbanised politicians to strip them of all vestiges of power in due course. The Balubas support Patrice Lumumba, the Congo's foremost political leader, who heads the Left-wing Congo National Movement: automatically therefore, the Bakubas most oppose it.

    Another anti-Baluba tribe are the primitive Asala Mpasu, some of whom inhabit Ulunga, near Kapanga. Pacified as late as 1927, they are still largely untouched by civilisation - practising polygamy, slavery, and - according to some - ritual cannibalism. Only their chiefs are faintly/concerned with politics, generally supporting the moderate National Progress Party. When independence comes, the Balubas - the territory's traders - will find it safer to leave.

    Happiest are those tribes with no old scores to pay off; the Babunda, an offshoot of the Babindji, famous for their colourful ceremonial dances, have scarcely entered the political scene. And in some parts of the Congo, vivid memories of past violence dissuade the inhabitants from fresh outbreaks; the Rutten Falls on the Lufuku River, tumbling 600 feet to cascade into 5 separates, would appear - to the stranger - just another beauty spot; to the natives they remain a traditional hiding place of warriors after the abortive Bapende Rising of 1934; firmly suppressed, it left the people of those parts with little taste for further warfare.

    The future of the Congo is uncertain. Everything depends on the events following June 30. It remains to be seen whether a stable government is established and whether the Army - 24,000 Congolese and 1,000 Belgian officers - co-operates with the administration. A strong government and a loyal army will be the Congo's best safeguard against inter-tribal anarchy.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA8FUGQ2DYAFKL6OROHFP4ASO04
    Media URN:
    VLVA8FUGQ2DYAFKL6OROHFP4ASO04
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    23/05/1960
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:04:40:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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