• Short Summary

    MOHARRAM commemorates a most tragic event in the history of Islam - the martyrdom of Husain, the grandson of the Holy Prophet.

  • Description

    MOHARRAM commemorates a most tragic event in the history of Islam - the martyrdom of Husain, the grandson of the Holy Prophet.

    He and his entire family were killed after being ambushed in the desert and kept without food and water for three whole days.

    The event took place at KEHVALA in the Arabian Peninsular.

    The background to the death of Husain is one of ambition. The king, YEZID, desired to become the religious head of Islam and challenged the authority of Husain to be leader of Islam.

    Military action took place between the two sides at Kervala, on the Euphrates. Husain had a small caravan of only 72 people, while the army of the King ran into thousands of men. All the male members of Husain's caravan who were the bulk of his party, were wiped out -- they sacrificed themselves for an ideal.

    The days of Moharram are observed as days of mourning. The period: 40 days. The first 13 days are observed with the utmost rigidity.

    Gatherings called majlis are held where poetical recitations commemorating the event are given.

    In procession are carried tazias (symbolic replicas of the tombs of Husain and his family, probably made of papier mache or similar fabric).

    In the evenings sa bils (SABILS) are held, when soft sweet drinks and confects are handed round informally among the participants.

    On the 10th day of the Feast the tazias are taken in procession to a burial place, accompanied by musicians.

    The 10th day might be regarded as the zenith of the festival. In the main, only the members of the SHIA SEOT of Moslems observe rigidly the full 40 days.

    The Muslim calendar begins with Moharram, which varies each year with the moon. This year it began on July 28th and the commemoration proper ended August 27th, leaving 10 days mourning observed mainly by the Shia Sect, as mentioned above.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA8F62MF4S4IEUUIWENJMKSJUM2
    Media URN:
    VLVA8F62MF4S4IEUUIWENJMKSJUM2
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    07/08/1957
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:02:10:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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