Mr. Gromyko, the Soviet Foreign Minister resumed the Russian attack on UN operations in the?
SCU Gromyko - (SOF).
"The position of the Soviet Union is as follows: Condemnation of the aggressor and adoption of decisions on the immediate removal from the territory of the Congo of all Belgian troops and all Belgian personnel now in that country. Bringing to trial of Tshombe and Mobutu, and the disarming of all military units and police forces under their control. The termination in one month of the so called United Nations operations in the Congo. The removal of Hammarskjoeld from the post of Secretary-General and accomplice and organizer of the slaughter of the leading statesmen of the Republic of the Congo. Provisions of the necessary assistance and support to the legitimate government of the Congo headed by Antoine Gizenga. We are convinced that this programme constitutes a true means to saving the independence and territorial integrity of the Congo".
EDITORS: See also Prod 2023 on Stevenson's speech.
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Background: Mr. Gromyko, the Soviet Foreign Minister resumed the Russian attack on UN operations in the Congo, when, in an hour-long speech before the General Assembly March 21, he bitterly denounced Secretary-General Hammarskjoeld "as an accomplice and organizer" of the slaying of the deposed Congolese Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba.
After making grave warnings that the United Nations may suffer the same fate as the League of Nations and that, because of the Congo crisis, the world was faced with a situation similar to that on the even of the 1939-45 war, Mr. Gromyko made five demands:
This scathing attack was immediately and effectively answered by Mr. Adlai Stevenson of the United States. He said he regretted that the Soviet Union had opened the first debate of the resumed session of the UN Assembly with a speech "in the worst and most destructive tradition of the cold war".
He said that this action by Russia showed that she had no desire to promote the effective working of the United Nations. He deplored the "irresponsible and insensate" attacks on Mr. Hammarskjoeld, whom the described as "a dedicated, impartial, and scrupulously honest official.