March 8 - opening day of the tenth Commonwealth Prime Ministers conference in London, and "anti-Apartheid" demonstrates, including Labour Members of Parliament, patrolled the streets outside Lancaster House.
GV Lancaster House
SIDE V..Line of protesters wearing armbands
CU Wreath on steps of Lancaster House
SV PAN..Cameramen to Dr. Edith Summerskill M.P. on right and Barbara Castle M.P., wearing black sashes
CU Edith Summerskill, M.P.
SV Barbara Castle, M.P. talking to man with Sharpeville sash
SV Crowds and cameramen outside Lancaster House
CU Barbara Castle, M.P. wearing sash
SHOT..through arch of Lancaster House
LV & CU..Duncan Sandys, Commonwealth Secretary arrives
SV Madame Pandit Nehru, High Commissioner for India in London arrives with Mr. Nehru Indian Prime Minister
SCU Prime Minister of Federation of Rhodes and Nyasaland, Roy Welensky arriving
CU President Ayub Khan of Pakistan arriving
SV Mrs. Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Ceylon, arrives
SCU Mr. Holyoake Prime Minister of New Zealand, arrives
SV British Foreign Secretary, Lord Home, arrives
SCU Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Nigerian Premier, arriving
SV Minister of External Affairs, Ghana arriving
CU British Prime Minister, Macmillan arriving
SBC Tunku Abdul Rahman Prime Minister of Malaya, arrives
CU Dr. Verwoerd, South African Prime Minister, arriving
CU Mr. Menzies, Prime Minister of Australia arrives
SV Barbara Castle with police officers
SV PAN..Barbara Castle walks into Lancaster House with protest letter
EDITORS: SEE ALSO PROD 1698/61 COMMONWEALTH PRIME MINISTERS MEET INSIDE LANCASTER HOUSE.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: March 8 - opening day of the tenth Commonwealth Prime Ministers conference in London, and "anti-Apartheid" demonstrates, including Labour Members of Parliament, patrolled the streets outside Lancaster House.
They started their 72-hour vigil at midnight, and were in place for the early arrivals at the conference to protest against the South African Government's racial policy.
Twelve of the demonstrators were black and white bands bearing the word "Sharpeville". A wreath - a symbol of mourning for those who died at Sharpeville - was placed on the steps of Lancaster House.
One of the main item for discussion between the Prime Ministers was expected to be the question of South African membership of the Commonwealth. Many preliminary meetings on this topic have taken place between Premiers but it was felt the question would not be raised in plenary sessions until after the following weekend.
It was thought that by that time Prime Minister Macmillan's talks with Mr. Diefenbaker (Canada), Dr. Verwoerd (South Africa), Tunku Abdul Rahman (Malaya), and others, would clarify the situation and procedure.
The opening session was to be devoted to a complete survey of current world tensions. The Congo crisis and the prospect of easing dangers between the West, Russia and Communist China were subjects expected to dominate the talks. The debate was to be concluded by Mr. Macmillan.
Prime Ministers Diefenbaker of Canada and Holyoake of New Zealand, whoa have both had recent talks with President Kennedy, were to report on their impressions of the new American administration.
A key question was expected to be next moves by the West in the Congo Republic with pressure from the Afro-Asian group for a withdrawal by the big nations from "interference" in Congolese affairs.