Top scientists from all parts of the world gather in Toronto for the world's biggest get-together.
Top scientists from all parts of the world gather in Toronto for the world's biggest get-together. The eleventh annual general assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics -- an eleven-day assembly -- brings together about twelve hundred delegates from 56 member countries, including large groups from Great Britain, France, Russia and the United States.
The International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics is made up of seven scientific associations dealing with all fields in world research -- its interior, enveloping atmosphere, and adjoining space.
The Russian delegation, headed by the Vice-Chairman of the Academy of Sciences in Moscow, has already attained some prominence through its attitude to the continuance of nuclear tests in various parts of the world. Russian scientists have sent a petition to their Government calling for a stoppage of all nuclear tests and many hundreds, including some of the best brains in Russia, have already signed the petition.
Professor V. Beleussev, a member of the 53-strong Russian delegation and one of the Soviet's greatest authorities an geophysics, said to reporters: "We believe the tests are bound to cause harm. The territories of the Soviet Union, like other countries, are widely contaminated with radio-active fall-out from past tests".
Professor Beleussev had been asked about a proposal put forward by Professor K.E. Bullen, the Australian Scientist. It was that atom bombs should be exploded deep in the earth, or that scientists should be told of the timing of military tests so that the maximum advantage could be taken to record the effects of and the shocks produced by such explosions. Prof. Beloussov said he was against the proposals and that "most scientists in the Soviet Union are against the tests. He said their petition had produced a reply that the Soviet Government was considering their attitude.
The Convention proper opened on the 3rd September.