Voters in Massachusetts and Pennsylvania do to the polls on Tuesday (April 25) in crucial Democratic primaries marking the start of an inansive two-week selection process towards electing a presidential candidate in Miami in July.
SV INTERIOR.. Humphrey talking to coloured voters
CU Coloured woman
LV Humphrey shaking hands with voters
SCU Humphrey speaks
SOUND STARTS "I didn't carry a..."
SOUND ENDS: ".....Presidency again".
GV Voters applaud
SV Humphrey shaking hands with voters
SCU INTERIOR. "Take the Chisholm Trail" PAN to organisers packing leaflets
SV Senator McGovern arriving with coloured officials in Philadelphia
SV INTERIOR.. McGovern shakes hands with voters in night club (2 shots)
SCU McGovern speaks
SOUND STARTS "I think........"
SOUND ENDS: "...discrimination and racism"
SV Senator Muskie with coloured voter
SV Crowd around Muskie (3 shots)
TRANSCRIPT OF COMMENTARY AND SOUND ON FILM. (AN ALTERNATIVE COMMENTARY IS PROVIDED) Four year ago, Hubert Humphrey carried pennsylvania against President Nixon with a strong blend of black votes and labour support. Humphrey has never in his life won a presidential primary election, but he's trying to take Pennsylvania next week with the same combination of blacks and labour. Black voters just seem to like Humphrey. He's bean a civil rights advocate for so long he doesn't reality have to say so any more. But he says so, anyway.
HUMPHREY: "I didn't carry a single southern state in 1968. Because there were racists and conservatives there and they didn't want me to carry those states. But, Ladies and Gentlemen, I didn't back away from my commitments and I didn't back away from my friends. And I don't intend to --even if it means the loss of the Presidency again."
One key to Humphrey's optimism over the Pennsylvania primary is that his friends probably won't turn their back on him -- even though his rivals are trying to muscle in on Humphrey's black support.
Pennsylvania is one of t states where Shirley Chisholm is a factor. Not a very big factor -- but she's there. By proxy. There are 19 Chisholm delegates running, mostly in Pittsburgh and the campaign there suffers from poverty and indifference.
Moss of the running for cover has been dons in Philadelphia where the huge block of Black votes is all split up and not really up for grabs for any one candidate. There's an independent black political forum. There is the city organisation and there's the pro-Humphrey vote. All that makes it pretty hard for a candidate like George McGovern to attract many black votes even though his campaign contains many of the programmes blacks are seeking.
MCGOVERN: "I think there are some other things the voters of the country are sick and tired of. I think they're tired of special favours for the rich and powerful while the poor remain in their poverty, the unemployed remain jobless -- the blacks, the brown, the brown, the people of minority groups in this country, all across this land, remain afflicted with the scars and the suffering of discrimination and racism...."
Philadelphia has a reasonably healthy political machine. The democratic city organisation is perhaps the strongest Muskie fore in the state, and its black members are a vital part of that force. Muskie is relying on the organisation to pull as many black votes as possible away from Humphrey.
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Background: Voters in Massachusetts and Pennsylvania do to the polls on Tuesday (April 25) in crucial Democratic primaries marking the start of an inansive two-week selection process towards electing a presidential candidate in Miami in July.
The primaries will be followed by others in Alabama, Indiana, Ohio, Tennessee, North Carolina and the District of Columbia in the next fourteen days.
The principal contenders in the Pennsylvania race are Hubert Humphrey, Senator George McGovern, Senator Edmund Muskie, and Representative shirley Chisholm.
Pennsylvania is largely an industrial state with a sizeable black vote and more than 60 per cent of its electorate blue-collar workers. And it will send the third largest contingent to the Miami Convention.
Senator Humphrey, who carried the State against President Nixon in 1963, is again trying to woo the black and labour votes. Blacks remember him as a strong civil rights advocate - and he still has many friends in the Black Power structure.
Shirley Chisholm, is also making some impact. But her campaign is reported as suffering from poverty and indifference.
Senator Muskie is relying on the Philadelphia political machine to get him the vote, but in the final days of the campaign he has appeared torn between trying to salvage a respectable vote in Massachusetts and giving all his attention to baiting Senator Humphrey in Pennsylvania.
Senator McGovern, the candidate most closely identified with the anti-Vietnam war issue and who carried the Wisconsin primary, is fighting the issue on the iniquity of a tax structure which he says favours the rich.