The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has begun the largest airlift of human beings ever undertaken.
GV Dacca Airport PAN
SV Bengalis arriving off plane.
GV Spectators on balcony.
GV More Bengalis walking across tarmac.
GV ZOOM OUT PAN Katmandu.
GV TILT DOWN Pakistan Embassy.
CU and SV Biharis registering in Embassy (3 shots)
GV and SV Biharis coming off plane at airport and walking across tarmac.
SV Biharis registering
GV Biharis getting off plane.
Initials APSM/1824 APSM/1900
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has begun the largest airlift of human beings ever undertaken. The move is a direct result of the Delhi Agreement between India and Pakistan, signed in August.
More than 210,000 Bengalis and Pakistanis will be repatriated at a cost of 14.3 million dollars (5.7 million sterling). The U.N. High Commissioner has appealed to governments around the world for money. It's needed soon, if the task is to be completed within six months.
The High Commission has estimated that it will need six 170-seat aircraft such as the Boeing 727 to complete the airlift within the estimated time limit. Air transport has been chosen in preference to road or sea transport, because of the time and cost involved during these long trips.
India has promised to return 93,000 Pakistani prisoners of war, and the first group of Pakistanis, some 2,000 have already returned home. On the day the last group of Pakistanis was repatriated, the United Nations moved more than 10,000 people, 7,500 from Pakistan to Bangladesh, and 2,500 from Bangladesh and Nepal to Pakistan.
The various ethnic groups became stranded in countries other than their own as a result of the 1971 war, the war that resulted in the creation of Bangladesh from the former East Pakistan. The International Red Cross is assisting the United Nations in the airlift by preparing identification lists of potential repatriates.
SYNOPSIS: The world's largest airlift of human beings is now underway. Within six months the United Nations hopes to repatriate over 200,000 refugees on the Indian sub-continent. Already thousands of Bangladesh have returned to Bangladesh. On one day alone, the United Nations flew 2,000 in to Dacca Airport.
The Bengalis became stranded in other countries at the end of the 1971 war with Pakistan - the war that resulted in the foundation of Bangladesh. Many of the Bengalis being repatriated have never lives in Bangladesh.
In Nepal, officials estimate that there are about 4,000 Pakistanis stranded. 3,000 of them have already obtained government perm asian to go to Pakistan. Another 1,000 are expected to turn up gradually, and permission has been granted for their return in advance.
The Pakistanis who are being repatriated crossed into Nepal at the end of the 1971 war, after escaping from Bangladesh. The repatriation move comes as part of an agreement signed in Delhi by the Indian and Pakistani Governments on August the twenty-eighth. Many of the Pakistanis in Nepal belong to the minority Bihari community.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has put the cost of the airlift at over 14 million dollars. The Commission has appealed to world governments to contribute towards the cost of the airlift.
The International Red Cross is helping by preparing identification lists of the refugees. Six hundred-and-seventy-seat aircraft are needed to complete that airlift within six months. Air transport is thought to be more efficient than other means.