SOUTHERN REGION, SUDAN
Each day since mid-1982 about 300 Ugandans have crossed the border into neigbouring Sudan in search of refuge.
SOUTHERN REGION, SUDAN
1. GV Refugees walking past along road; SVs women carrying baskets on heads. (3 SHOTS) 0.19
2. GV PAN Refugee tent camp. 0.26
3. GV Truck carrying refugees. (2 SHOTS) 0.41
4. SCU Refugee woman speaking. (English SOT) 1.19
5. GV Swedish Air Force aircraft - relief planes. 1.26
6. CU Norwegian Church Aid sign. 1.29
7. SV PAN Refugees being given food. (3 SHOTS) 1.57
TRANSCRIPT: REFUGEE: (SEQ. 4) "About one and a half years ago my husband was killed in crossfire between the Amini soldiers and the government soldiers. When I came to check on my husband I was arrested by the ex-Amini soldiers and cooked for them for six months."
INTERVIEWER: "You had to cook for them?"
REFUGEE: "I had to cook for them for about six months, after which, when the government troops came and bombed that area, we escaped."
INTERVIEWER: "Then you came to Sudan?"
REFUGEE: "Then I came to Sudan."
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: SOUTHERN REGION, SUDAN
Each day since mid-1982 about 300 Ugandans have crossed the border into neigbouring Sudan in search of refuge. The flood of refugees has continued unabated despite denials by Ugandan President Milton Obote. The United Nations estimates that since Idi Amin was deposed in 1979 at least 250,000 Ugandans have fled into southern Sudan and another 140,000 to Zaire. The governments of these two countries have watched the exodus with apprehension as they have accepted at least as many refugees from Ethiopia, Angola, Rwanda and Burundi. The majority of the Ugandan refugees fled the troubled West Nile district, home of Idi Amin. Thousands of soldiers of Amin's defeated army are reported to be roaming the vast forests of Uganda near the Sudan and Zaire border, ambushing security forces and terrorizing the local population. However, the refugees say their greatest fear was of the ugandan government troops who have allegedly exacted a bloody vengeance on the West Nile district which diplomatic sources claim has been almost depopulated. One woman refugee told how her husband has been killed in crossfire between government and guerrilla troops. She was arrested and forced to cook for pro-Amini soldiers before escaping during a bombing raid. Religious, tribal and political enmities among the refugees, as well as food shortages and disease, have made matters worse for them. In Sudan the refugees live in hastily-constructed tent villages where they receive some help from international relief organisations. There are shortages of clothes, food and medical supplies, causing extensive starvation and disease, particularly among the young.