This year's Nobel Science Prizes were presented today in a ceremony in Stockholm, prizes once again shared in a number of cases.
This year's Nobel Science Prizes were presented today in a ceremony in Stockholm, prizes once again shared in a number of cases. A number of the scientists collecting their awards said that the current oil crisis was a good thing.
They said the over-prosperous Western society would benefit from a return to simpler living styles and tightening its belt.
Presentations of the Physics and Economics prizes are shown on this film. The Physics prize was shared between Dr. Brian Josephson, Assistant Director of Research in the Physics Department at Cambridge University in England and two United States research workers -- Japanese-born Dr. Leo Esaki of IBM and Norwegian-born Dr. Ivar Giaever of U.S. General Electric.
The Economics prize went to Harvard University Professor Wassily Leontieff who was born in Russia in 1906. He studied in Berlin before moving to America where, in 1939, he founded the Harvard Economic Research project of which he is still a director.
The Physics prize was awarded for work on the electronic tunnelling effect in solids done in the late 1950's and early 1960's; the Economics prize was awarded in recognition of Professor Leontieff's work in developing the input-output method of analysis and its application to economic problems.
This film includes an official speaking in English and introducing the three physics winners to Sweden's 27-year-old King Carl Gustaf for the actual presentation of the prizes. The text of his speech is given below: