Thousands of people assembled on one of the squares in the Kremlin on November 2 for the unveiling of a statue of Vladimir Lenin, founder of the world's first land of workers and farmers.
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Background: Thousands of people assembled on one of the squares in the Kremlin on November 2 for the unveiling of a statue of Vladimir Lenin, founder of the world's first land of workers and farmers. There were numerous foreign guests who came to Moscow for celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the socialist revolution.
The square was brilliant with red bunting.
The leader of the Soviet government and Communist party were on the platform.
The ceremonies were opened by the First Secretary of the Moscow City Branch of the Communist Party, Victor Grishin.
The covering was removed by Party General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev.
The national anthem was played, and Mr. Brejnev made a speech.
He said that Lenin's name was inseverably linked with the Russian socialist revolution, a major event in human history. The half century of the Soviet state had confirmed the country's loyalty to the teachings of Marx, Engels, and Lenin. The truth of their ideas was evident in the works of the other socialist countries and in the triumphs of the international communist movement.
There were speakers representing the people of Moscow. After the ceremonies, the first flowers were placed at the foot of the statue.
The memorial was the work of Leningrad sculptor Pinchuk and architect Speransky.
50 years of the Great October socialist revolution
The Kremlin Palace of Congresses.
Here the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party and the legislatures of the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation met joint sessions to mark the 50th anniversary of the Socialist revolution. The meeting, was attended by veterans of the revolution, the Communist party and government leaders, and more than 100 guests delegations from abroad.
The meeting was opened by President Nikolai Podgorniy.
The main report, was delivered by Mr. Brejnev, the party's general secretary. The speaker stressed the historical importance of the socialist revolution in Russia. The revolution paved the way for accomplishing Socialist ideals, it gave a strong impetus to world social development and accelerated the revolutionary and liberation struggle.
Mr. Brejnev said that despite the great difficulties due to the backwardness of the economy of the old Russia and two world wars, the Soviet Union now produced 73 times more industrial goods than in 1913. Agricultural output had almost trebled in that period. The incomes of factory and office workers have grown 6,5 times in Soviet years, said the speaker. Farmers' incomes have increased 8,5 times over.
Among the nation's major social accomplishments Mr. Brejnev listed absence of unemployment, a reduction of the working week to 41 hours, free health service, and free education.
The Communist party's general secretary stressed that further development of the economy and rise in living standards would remain the chief objective of the party and the government.
Mr. Brejnev noted the impact of the Socialist revolution in Russia on the world revolutionary movement. Today, declared the speaker, it is not one country but a third of mankind that has taken the Socialist road. More than 70 new states have emerged on the ruins of former colonial empires. The people of the world have seen for themselves that Socialism paves the way for genuine democracy, freedom of the individual, and a lasting peace.
Turning to foreign policy, Mr. Brejnev reaffirmed the country's course at promoting peace and developing cooperation with the Socialist countries, the nations fighting for freedom and the independent countries. He said that the menace to peace came from the United States aggression in Vietnam, Israel's expansion against the Arab states, and Bonn's revenge-seeking policy. Mr. Brejnev urged the governments of the capitalist countries to give heed to the peoples demand of peace and stable security. He reaffirmed Soviet support for the struggle waged by the people of Vietnam and the Arab countries.
The Communist party's general secretary criticised the stand of the Mao group in China. He said that the Vietnamese could have scored still greater succeeded in battle of the Mao group did not prevent coordination of help to Vietnam on the part of all Socialist countries, China included.
Mr. Brejnev called for a united front of anti-imperialist forces to oppose aggressive intrigues of imperialism. He said that the Soviet Union would remain a reliable bulwark of all oppressed, a bulwark all who were working for peace, freedom and happiness of the people. One of the main results of the past 50 years, said the speaker, is that the balance of forces in the international arena has changed in favour of the working-class and of all forces of progress, democracy and Socialism.
The meeting is continuing. On the eve of the meeting those who are today taking part in it attended the unveiling of a monument to Lenin in the Kremlin.