With elections, on a one-man, one-vote basis, now less than two months away, Rhodesia appears to have started a military campaign that is designed to thwart guerrilla efforts aimed at disrupting the elections.
ZAMBIA 1977: MCU: Mugabe speaking.
RHODESIA 1960: GV people outside National Democratic party congress; SV PAN INTERIOR FROM: Michael Mawems, Herbert Chitepo; Leopold Takawire; Robert Mugabe; Enos Nkala; Skethchley Samkange; SV audience: SV Mugabe speaking; SV audience applauding. (5 shots)
ZAMBIA 1977: GV Nkomo and Mugabe walking down aircraft steps greeted by Kaunda; GV PAN Kaunda, Mugabe and Nkomo across tarmac (2 shots)
RHODESIA 1976: GV: Ian Smith down aircraft steps; CU Smith speaking to reporter in English. (2 shots)
MALTA 1978: MCU: Mugabe talking to newsmen.
ETHIOPIA 1978: SV Mugabe greeted by Mengistu; MS PAN FROM Mengistu TO Mugabe (2 shots)
MOZAMBIQUE 1977: GV INTERIOR: Mugabe seated at table with Nkomop at Patriotic Front meeting.
MCU AND CU: Mugabe speaking in English. (2 shots)
SMITH: I shouldn't pay much attention to what mr Mugabe says. He is riding around on Cloud Nine with a camouflaged terrorist uniform, you know. He doesn't know anything about it, quite frankly, does he. I don't think he's ever heard a shot fired in anger in his life."
MUGABE:"Whatever settlement Smith works out, even with the connivance of Britain, has no effect upon our own war. It's bound to continue. The armed struggle will continue until a settlement of our own liking emerges. I've said time and time again that we are using the instrument of war to create peace. If peace were to come tomorrow, you see in other words, if a settlement were possible tomorrow, we would lay down our arms without any qualms."
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Background: With elections, on a one-man, one-vote basis, now less than two months away, Rhodesia appears to have started a military campaign that is designed to thwart guerrilla efforts aimed at disrupting the elections. On Tuesday (20 February) Rhodesian bombers struck at a guerrilla storage complex about eight kilometres (50 miles) inside Mozambique. It was the second operation in black Africa in three days, and directed at the wing of the Patriotic Front guerrilla alliance that is headed by Robert Mugabe.
SYNOPSIS: Mr Mugaba, who is 45 this month, has been involved for nineteen years in the fight to bring an end to white rule in Rhodesia, and to the creation of an independent Zimbabwe.
His involvement with politics began in 1960. This is the inaugural meeting in Salisbury of the National Democratic Party. Mr Mugabe, as publicity secretary, chaired the congress meeting. For the previous eighteen years, he had been involved in teaching. He had been educated at a mission school, and later a university. His involvement with politics led to three periods of detention, the last spanning ten years, until 1974.
From October 1976, he has headed the Patriotic Front Guerrilla alliance with Joshua Nkomo. Their pact, though powerful, has been uneasy. Mr Mugabe's wing has the most guerrillas and had been more involved in military action. This month further signs of disagreement emerged.
Mr Mugabe had said that in a military victory, his movement having done the most fighting was entitled to the reins of government.
His relations with Rhodesia's Prime Minister Ian Smith at times have been openly hostile. Returning from the failed 1976 Geneva talks, Mr Smith spoke in disparaging terms about Mr Mugabe.
SMITH:"I shouldn't pay much attention to what Mr Mugabe says. He is riding round on Cloud Nine with a camouflaged terrorist uniform, you know. He doesn't know anything about it, quite frankly, does he. I don't think he's ever heard a shot fired in anger in his life."
Negotiations on the Anglo-American proposals for independence now seem to have failed. A year after attending the Malta talks, Mr Mugabe has dismissed the initiative as unacceptable.
This month, he said the Patriotic Front will accept aid from any country which supports its aims for independence. This visit last year to Ethiopia was to solicit further material and diplomatic aid. Though Mr Mugabe is willing to accept military aid, he insists that only his forces will do the fighting.
Two years ago, he stated war was the only path to peace -- was the only path to peace -- a view he still holds.