Will the 3000-year-old Parthenon and Temple of Wingless Victory, the Periclean Golden Era famous masterpieces of the Acropolis, crumble down before the end of 20th century?
This is a general view of the Acropolis with the Parthenon will they crumble down during or at the end of this century? 3 shots
A view of the propyllaea, the entrance of the Acropolis.
A closer view of the Parthenon.
Various shots of columns-basements and ornaments affected by the "stone disease". They are black-grey and seem humid. Other look broken endangering the whole building of the Parthenon, for the smooth white surface of Pentelikon marbles are being pulverized or falling down in pieces.
This is famous Erechtheum Temple with Caryatid Nymphes. the one shown alone is the one actually in London Museum, (the real one) while a double replaced the original at the temple. The Erechtheum has been also suffering from the "stone disease".
A "sick" column base of the Erechtheum and in the background the Lecabetus Hill.
Various shots of men working in "cleaning" the marbles from their "sick" parts. This is the only remedy found quite encouraging up to now. All back parts of the marbles are being removed replaced by "healthy" white marble from mount Pendelikon.
Another view of the Acropolis and the Wingless Victory Temple.
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Background: Will the 3000-year-old Parthenon and Temple of Wingless Victory, the Periclean Golden Era famous masterpieces of the Acropolis, crumble down before the end of 20th century? This urgent question has been raised during the recent Panhellenic Congress of Chemistry which discussed the dangerous "stone disease" which appeared in Greece and threatens most of the ancient marvels of the country. This "disease" dates back to 1687 when a big fire destroyed what remained on the Acropolis. The heat of that fire and the strong Attica sun which in the Summer burns these monuments for centuries now, affected dangerously the crystal-like brightness of the smooth surface of the white marbles of the Acropolis. And every day small pieces from the fine ornaments of the temples and columns are falling down -- a sign of the future destruction of these memorable artistic treasures.
The Congress of Chemistry examined various "remedies" against this "stone disease", but all have been found not practical by the Archaeologists. The best "remedy" anyhow has been the one proposed by B. Zissis, a chemist, insisting that the marbles could be protected from the heat-rays only when covered by pure paraffin, But again this treatment has been found unsatisfactory, for after a few years the white marbles willstart blackening.
Now a committee has been formed by archaeologists aiming at finding as soon as possible a remedy against this destructive disease, saving so the remnants of a bright ancient civilization and glory.