Of Surinam - or Dutch Guiana, as it was formerly known, - it can truly be said that it is a land of striking variety.
GV PAN Across water to Paramaribo.
SLV Paramaribo houses at water's edge.
GV Travel shot through town.
SLV Buses and people on corner.
GV characteristic houses.
SV Man with horse-drawn cart.
SV Natives cycle past.
CU Sign "W.C.Kennedystraat".
GV Pan..New housing estate
SV PAN DOWN new house to painter.
SV PAN..Underside of house on piles.
SLV New house whip PAN to shum houses alongside.
SV Children playing in slum conditions.
CU Man looking down from veranda.
SV Slum boy writing TILT to woman, washing, etc.
GV The market.
MV Mother with child.
CU Fruit vendor.
CU Woman with vegetables on head passing.
CU Native woman with ornament in nose.
CU Another vendor arranges wares.
CU Prospective purchaser.
CU Another ditto.
MV Fruit on ground PAN to vendor.
CU Mother with babe buying.
GV Market activity.
GV PAN..Construction work for new 5 storey government hospital.
SLV PAN..Partially constructed section of above.
GV Newly built maternity home.
GV PAN...Newly built school.
GV PAN...Government square to Governor's house.
SLV Governor's house with status of Princess Wilhemina in F/G.
CU Dutch centry.
GV Another angle Governor's house.
CU Prime Minister Professor Jan de Quay
MV Primes Minister PAN to acting Governor Dr. C. Nagtegaal.
GV EXT..Military camp.
GV Camp compound.
CV Soldier with pet monkey.
SV Platoon leaves camp for manoeuvres.
CV Soldier hanks through vegetation.
CV Soldier with automatic weapon moves along.
SV Others follow.
SV Soldiers in prone position rise and advance, drop at next point.
CU Soldiers negotiate barbed wire obstacle (2 shots).
GV Soldiers in open formation move along.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: Of Surinam - or Dutch Guiana, as it was formerly known, - it can truly be said that it is a land of striking variety.
The population of a quarter of a million includes a wide cross-section of races, nationalities and religions......There are besides the Dutch community, Bush Negroes and aboriginal Indians living in the forests, and - concentrated chiefly in Paramaribo, the capital - Japanese, Chinese, Indians, Jews and Creoles. They main language is Dutch, but English, Javanese and Hinki are widely understood - also a dialect known as Negro English or Talkie Talkie.
Surinam covers nearly 143,000 square kilometres - about five times the are area of Holland - but the country has only one railway, and only 1,000 kilometres of main roads. To the west and east the country is separated by rivers from British Guiana and French Guiana. Inaccessible forests and savannas lie around the border with Brazil to the south.
The Governor represents the Dutch sovereign and is head of the Government. He appoints nine Ministers and an Advisory Council of five from the elected. Twenty-one member Legislative Council.
Latest figures give the number of schools as 170, with a total of 54,000 pupils - about one fifth of the population. When the Dutch Prime Minister, Dr. Jan de Quay, recently visited Surinam he observed progress in the housing scheme, aimed at providing modern housing in place of huts and slum dwellings.
Surinam - now one of the three remaining Dutch overseas territories -has been a Netherlands possession since the 17th century - with two brief reversions to British rule. It was originally exchanged by Britain for the North American colony of New Netherlands.
The territory's chief exports are rice, oranges, grapefruit, coffee, bauxite (for making aluminium) and timber. Most of the overseas trade is with Holland, U.S.A. Trinidad, U.K., Germany and Canada. Air and sea services link Surinam with the outside world.