• Short Summary

    Of Surinam - or Dutch Guiana, as it was formerly known, - it can truly be said that it is a land of striking variety.

  • Description

    Of Surinam - or Dutch Guiana, as it was formerly known, - it can truly be said that it is a land of striking variety.

    The population of a quarter of a million includes a wide cross-section of races, nationalities and religions......There are besides the Dutch community, Bush Negroes and aboriginal Indians living in the forests, and - concentrated chiefly in Paramaribo, the capital - Japanese, Chinese, Indians, Jews and Creoles. They main language is Dutch, but English, Javanese and Hinki are widely understood - also a dialect known as Negro English or Talkie Talkie.

    Surinam covers nearly 143,000 square kilometres - about five times the are area of Holland - but the country has only one railway, and only 1,000 kilometres of main roads. To the west and east the country is separated by rivers from British Guiana and French Guiana. Inaccessible forests and savannas lie around the border with Brazil to the south.

    The Governor represents the Dutch sovereign and is head of the Government. He appoints nine Ministers and an Advisory Council of five from the elected. Twenty-one member Legislative Council.

    Latest figures give the number of schools as 170, with a total of 54,000 pupils - about one fifth of the population. When the Dutch Prime Minister, Dr. Jan de Quay, recently visited Surinam he observed progress in the housing scheme, aimed at providing modern housing in place of huts and slum dwellings.

    Surinam - now one of the three remaining Dutch overseas territories -has been a Netherlands possession since the 17th century - with two brief reversions to British rule. It was originally exchanged by Britain for the North American colony of New Netherlands.

    The territory's chief exports are rice, oranges, grapefruit, coffee, bauxite (for making aluminium) and timber. Most of the overseas trade is with Holland, U.S.A. Trinidad, U.K., Germany and Canada. Air and sea services link Surinam with the outside world.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA7YD29ITPPCH0XVXL2KOKEPOOE
    Media URN:
    VLVA7YD29ITPPCH0XVXL2KOKEPOOE
    Group:
    Reuters - Including Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    25/04/1961
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:03:45:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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