Papua New Guinea, one of the world's most primitive lands, moved to full internal self-government on Saturday (1 December) as a prelude to independence from Australia.
TGV PAN Port Moresby waterfront and city centre
GV ZOOM OUT Papua New Guinea House of Assembly
SV & CU Native dancers in street (3 shots)
SV Women selling beth???l nuts
SV Woman weaving
SV Woman battering with fruit (2 shots)
CU Woman with tattooed face
SV Children PAN People's Progress Party sign
SV Men talk to woman breast-feeding baby (2 shots)
SV & GV Natives and Australians drink in hotel (3 shots)
SV Somare walks past
SCU Police control traffic
GV Traffic in street
Initials AE/3.17 AE/3.37
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Background: Papua New Guinea, one of the world's most primitive lands, moved to full internal self-government on Saturday (1 December) as a prelude to independence from Australia.
About fifty people gathered in a Port Moresby film studio to see Chief Minister Michael Somare and five other Cabinet ministers take an oath of office in a ceremony completing the transfer of power over internal matters from Australia to the Papua. New Guinea House of Assembly.
No firm date has been set for full independence for the Pacific island territory, but it is expected either in 1974 or 1975.
Australia seized the then German-administered territory during World War One and administered in under a mandate from the League of Nations and later from the United Nations.
Papua New Guinea has a population of just over 2,000, comprised of more than 1,000 tribes speaking over 700 different languages.
Life remains primitive, particularly in the Highlands where tribal life has changed little with the years. Officials say cannibalism and head-hunting have been eliminated, but ritual tribal warfare and the custom of revenge killing, with blood feuds continuing for months or years, have been harder to stop.
The police were on full alert for the self-government ceremonies, even though public celebrations -- and the sale of alcohol -- were banned for the weekend to prevent any civil unrest or fighting between rival factions.